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Maj. Gen. David Leslie’s Regiment of Horse

Active1643 to 1651
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Third Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelDavid Leslie
Area RaisedSterling & Perth
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLeven 1643-4
Leslie 1644-5
Leslie 1650
Charles 1651

Covenanter Regiment of Horse raised for service in England, forming part of Leven’s army, later re-raised for the Third Civil War

Service History

1643

  • Raised in Stirling & Perthshire
  • 3rd December: Newcastle-upon-Tyne

1644

  • January: Skirmish at Shieldfield Fort
  • April to July: Siege of York
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • July: Siege of York
  • October to July 1645: Siege of Carlisle

1645

  • July to September: Siege of Hereford
  • August: Skirmish at Bewdley
  • 13th September: Battle of Philiphaugh - ~550 men
  • November to May 1646: Siege of Newark

1646

  • May: Taking of Newark

1647

  • Leslie's Lifeguard troop continues as part of the Scots New Model Army
  • May: Skirmish at Rhunahaorine Point

1648

1649

  • April: Re-raised in Lanarkshire

1650

  • 3rd September: Battle of Dunbar - 3 troops

1651

  • Assigned to Leslie's 1st Cavalry Brigade
  • September: Battle of Worcester

Notes

In 1646 the regiment included Captain John Fergusson's troop equipped as dragoons. In 1647 Leslie's Lifeguard troop survived to enter the Scots New Model Army, as did Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Craig's troop. The dragoon troop also continued despite not being originally part of the establishment, authorised in February 1647. In 1648, with the engagers in the ascendant, Leslie's Lifeguard troop was added to Leven's Lifeguard and a new troop to form the Duke of Hamilton's regiment of horse, riding to defeat at Preston. Raised again as three troops in 1649, they served until final defeat at the Battle of Worcester.

Flags

Notable Officers

Lists of the regiment's officers are shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550 and in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1

Major General David Leslie

David Leslie, not to be confused with Alexander Leslie, the Earl of Leven.

Captain Augustine Hoffman

Later notorious as 'Augustine the Mosser'

Strength

  • January 1646: 554 troopers in 10 troops
  • 1647: 1 troop
  • 1649: 3 troops

See Also