Maj. Gen. David Leslie’s Regiment of Horse

Active1643 to 1648
1649 to 1651
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Second Civil War
Third Civil War
ColonelDavid Leslie
Area RaisedStirling & Perth
Lanark, Renfrew, Ayr
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLeven 1643-4
Leslie 1644-5
Leslie 1647
Leslie 1650
Charles 1651

Covenanter Regiment of Horse raised for service in England, forming part of Leven’s army, later re-raised for the Third Civil War

Service History


  • September: Brown, Craig and Stewart raise troops of horse
  • November: Leslie commissioned Colonel, regiment raised in Stirling & Perthshire


  • January: Skirmish at Shieldfield Fort
  • April to July: Siege of York
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • July: Siege of York
  • July: Quarter at Doncaster
  • August: Siege of Newcastle
  • September: Leslie leads 7 cavalry regiments and Frazer's dragoons to Cumbria
  • October to June 1645: Siege of Carlisle


  • March: Leslie ordered to support Brereton, then returns to Carlisle
  • June: Leslie accepts surrender of Carlisle
  • July to July: Siege of Hereford
  • August: Skirmish at Bewdley
  • August: Return to Scotland via Stourbridge, Uttoxeter, Ollerton, Rotherham, Northallerton, Newcastle & Berwick
  • 13th September: Battle of Philiphaugh - ~550 men
  • October: In Aberdeenshire, then ordered back to England
  • November to May 1646: Siege of Newark


  • May: Taking of Newark
  • Quarter in Durham or Northumberland


  • February: Disbanded at Kelso, though Leslie's Lifeguard troop and dragoon company both continue as part of the Scots New Model Army
  • March: Leslie's force marches from Montrose to campaign against the Royalists
  • March: Taking of Wardhouse and Lesmoir Castles
  • April: March via Ruthven to Dunblane
  • May: Depart Dunblane for Argyll
  • May: Skirmish at Rhunahaorine Point
  • August: Return to Stirling
  • December: At Jedburgh, trooper Stewart is imprisoned for murder but illegally freed by 60 of his fellow troopers


  • March: Leslie opposes the Engagemant and resigns
  • May: Leslie's Lifeguard incorporated into the Duke of Hamilton's Regiment of Horse
  • May: Captain Ferguson given command of the dragoon company, that serves until September
  • September: Leslie serving as Lt Gen of the Whiggamores


  • February: Leslie commissioned colonel to re-raise his regiment in Lanarkshire, Renfrew and Ayr
  • February to March: Leslie sent to suppress Pluscardine's Rising
  • March: Suppress Earl of Atholl's Rising
  • May: Take Chanonry Castle
  • June: Ordered to Banff and Aberdeen
  • September: At Balnaboth and Kinbath
  • October: Move north to guard against Royalists from Orkney
  • November: Move south to winter quarters


  • April: Muster at Brechin then proceed to mop up Royalists in the aftermath of Carbisdale
  • June: Ordered to Fife (Leslie t) and Lanark (Allanton & Carmichael)
  • July to September: With the army facing Cromwell in the Edinburgh-Leith area
  • 3rd September: Battle of Dunbar - 3 troops
  • September to October: Based at Stirling
  • October to November: Advance north against Middleton
  • November: At Strathbogie, Leslie and Middleton sign a treaty and disband Middleton's forces
  • November: Over-winter at Fife


  • May: Leslie assigned to command the 1st Cavalry Brigade
  • June: Ordered to Stirling
  • July: Depart Stirling on the Worcester campaign, Leslie's Lifeguard remain to guard the Committee of Estates
  • August: Leslie's Lifeguard troop captured at Alyth with the Committee of Estates
  • September: Battle of Worcester
  • September: Leslie captured at Blackstone Edge


A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

In 1646 the regiment included Captain John Ferguson's troop equipped as dragoons. In 1647 Leslie's Lifeguard troop survived to enter the Scots New Model Army, as did Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Craig's troop. The dragoon troop also continued despite not being originally part of the establishment, authorised in February 1647. In 1648, with the engagers in the ascendant, Leslie's Lifeguard troop was added to Leven's Lifeguard and a new troop to form the Duke of Hamilton's regiment of horse, riding to defeat at Preston, while the dragoons led by Ferguson continued in service up to September 1648. Raised again as three troops in 1649, they served until final defeat at the Battle of Worcester.

Flags & Equipment

Notable Officers

Lists of the regiment's officers are shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550 and in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1

Major General David Leslie

David Leslie, not to be confused with Alexander Leslie, the Earl of Leven.

Captain Augustine Hoffman

Later notorious as 'Augustine the Mosser'


  • January 1646: 554 troopers in 10 troops
  • January 1646: 538 horse and 70 dragoons
  • 1647: 1 troop of 80 horse, reduced to 75, 1 company of 70 dragoons
  • July 1649: 3 troops of 60 each; Leslie, Rm Carmichael, Laird of Allanton
  • August 1649: 117 levies ordered from Lanarkshire
  • July 1650: Lanarkshire ordered to raise 75 men
  • June 1651: 156 levies ordered from Berwickshire, Midlothian and Teviotdale

See Also