Colonel William Stewart’s Regiment of Foot

Active1643 to 1646
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Second Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelWilliam Stewart
Ludovick Leslie
Area RaisedGalloway
Coat ColourGrey
Flag ColourBlue
Flag DesignWhite saltire
Field ArmiesLeven 1643-5
Middleton 1646
Garrison

Later Colonel Ludovick Leslie's Regiment of Foot

Covenanter Regiment of Foot raised for service in England, forming part of Leven’s army, later taken into the Scots New Model Army by Ludovick Leslie

Service History

1643

  • Raised in Kirkcudbright and Wigtownshire Galloway

1644

  • February: Battle of Corbridge
  • March: Storm of South Shields Fort
  • March: Battle of Hylton?
  • March to May: Garrison Durham
  • May to June: Garrison Sunderland?
  • June: Siege of York?
  • July: Battle of Marston Moor?
  • August to October: Siege of Newcastle
  • November: Depart County Durham for Scotland
  • November to December: Quartered at Linlithgow

1645

  • July to September: Siege of Hereford
  • December: March from Arbroath to Aberdeen

1646

  • January to May: Garrison Aberdeen
  • March: Siege of Kincardine Castle
  • April: Detachment garrison Fyvie Castle
  • May: Join Middleton's force
  • September to February 1647: Quartered in East Lothian

1647

  • February: Majority disbanded, one company of 80 sent to The General of Artillery’s Regiment of Foot while a new regiment is raised for Colonel Stewart including men returning from England. These units subsequently form part of the Scots New Model Army though Stewart declines and is replaced by Leslie.

1648

  • May: Leslie supports the Engagement
  • June: Reinforced by the Blair Atholl garrison and 180 men from the Lairds of Glenorchy, Lawers and Weem
  • To September: Garrison of Berwick
  • September: Disbanded after the Treaty of Stirling

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Brigaded with Viscount Kenmure’s Regiment of Foot under Middleton in 1645-6

Coats, Flags & Equipment

The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets. A colour belonging to Stewart's regiment survives and is at the National Museum of Scotland. It is blue with a white saltire and five red roses at the centre. The inscription reads COVENANTS, FOR RELIGION, KING, AND KINGDOMES. 1)

Notable Officers

Lists of the regiment's officers are shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550 and in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1

Notable Officers

Colonel William Stewart

Colonel Ludovick Leslie

Strength

  • 1644: 10 companies
  • November 1644: 569 men and 100 horses
  • September 1646: 450 soldiers
  • January 1647: 330 soldiers
  • February 1647: 800 men in 6 companies

See Also

1) Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1