Sir William Douglas of Kilhead’s Regiment of Foot

Active1643 to 1647
1648
1651
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Second Civil War
Third Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelWilliam Douglas
Area RaisedNithsdale & Annandale
Dunfriesshire
Coat ColourGrey
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLeven 1643-4
Leslie 1644-5

Covenanter Regiment of Foot raised for service in England, forming part of Leven’s army

Service History

1643

  • August: Douglas commissioned Colonel of the regiment to be raised in Nithsdale and Annandale

1644

  • January: Enter England as part of Leven's army
  • February: Siege of Newcastle
  • February: Detached from the main army under Lumsden's command
  • March: Battle of Hylton?
  • April: Escort a powder convoy to York
  • April to July: Siege of York
  • July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • July: Siege of York
  • July: Quartered in Yorkshire
  • August to October: Siege of Newcastle
  • December to July 1645: Siege of Carlisle

1645

  • July: Taking of Carlisle
  • July: Garrison of Carlisle
  • July: Garrison of Dumfries (det)

1646

  • Garrison of Carlisle

1647

  • February: Return to Scotland and disbanded

1648

  • May: Douglas commissioned to raise 600 foot from Dumfriesshire

1651

  • March: Douglas commissioned colonel for Dunfriesshire and Nithsdale
  • April: Skirmish at Maxwellton, the regiment scattered by English based at Drumlanrig and Douglas captured

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Little information has come to light on the regiment's activities in 1648. in 1651 the regimet was only partially raised when surprised and scattered.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Colonel William Douglas of Kilhead

Appointed governor of Carlisle after its surrender in July 1645

Strength

  • January 1644: 10 companies
  • May 1645: 548 men
  • July 1645: 671 men
  • December 1645: 777 men
  • April 1646: 797 men
  • December 1646: 720 men
  • May 1648: Established at 600 men
  • March 1651: 600 to be levied
  • April 1651: 300 strong
  • April 1651: Only 40 foot remain after Maxwellton skirmish, likely soon dispersing

See Also