Earl of Dumfries’ Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration 11)
Active1648
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsSecond Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelEarl of Dumfries
Area RaisedDumfriesshire
Coat ColourGrey?
Flag ColourWhite
Flag DesignColonel only
Field ArmiesHamilton 1648

Covenanter regiment of foot serving on the Preston campaign in the Second Civil War

Service History

1648

  • May: Dumfries commissioned colonel and the regiment raised in Dumfriesshire
  • July: Preston campaign
  • August: Battle of Winwick Pass
  • August: Surrender to the New Model Army at Winwick and Warrington

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Coats, Flags and Equipment

As was common for Scots foot regiments, the Colonel's company carried a white flag while other companies likely carried coloured flags, but none were recorded. The white flag had a gold gryphon crest with the motto god send greace and a scroll with the inscription for Religion KING AND KINGDOMES (though ripped and perhaps incomplete). A reconstruction is shown in Illustration 1 above.2)

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1

William Crichton, Earl of Dumfries

Strength

  • May 1648: Establishment of 600 men
  • August 1648: Lt Col John Johnston, 8 officers, 4 sergeants and 44 men surrender at Warrington

See Also

1) Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine
2) Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988