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covenanter:foot-regiments:sir-mungo-campbell-of-lawers [09/01/2015 18:44]
tim
covenanter:foot-regiments:sir-mungo-campbell-of-lawers [09/01/2015 18:51] (current)
tim
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 | |Confederate War| | |Confederate War|
 | |First Civil War| | |First Civil War|
 +| |Second Civil War|
 | |Third Civil War| | |Third Civil War|
 |**Type**|Foot|  |**Type**|Foot|
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 ====1640==== ====1640====
-  *In Scotland+  *In Scotland?
  
 ====1641==== ====1641====
-  *In Scotland+  *In Scotland?
  
 ====1642==== ====1642====
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   *May: Battle of Auldearn //~400 men// Sir Mungo Campbell killed   *May: Battle of Auldearn //~400 men// Sir Mungo Campbell killed
   *Return to garrison and slowly rebuild strength   *Return to garrison and slowly rebuild strength
 +
 ====1646==== ====1646====
   *January: Sir James Campbell takes over   *January: Sir James Campbell takes over
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   *April: On guard duty at the Head of the Forth   *April: On guard duty at the Head of the Forth
   *June: Back at Stirling Camp   *June: Back at Stirling Camp
-  *September: Battle of Worcester+  *September: Battle of Worcester ​(?)
  
 =====Notes==== =====Notes====
 A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s //A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651// Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0 A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s //A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651// Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0
  
-Originally raised in 1639 as Argyle'​s regiment for service in Scotland, the regiment was the longest-lasting Covenanter unit, surviving to fight at Worcester in 1651. After service with Monro in Ulster the regiment returned to Scotland where they served with Callendar on the Borders then Argyll in Aberdeenshire before rejoining Callendar in England at the Siege of Newcastle. Returning to Scotland, the regiment garrisoned Aberdeen and Inverness until in May 1645 they were assigned to Urry's army. In the front line at Auldearn, the regiment suffered severe casualties in battle, losing their Colonel, Lieutenant Colonel, 4 Captains, 5 Lieutenants and 200 soldiers. ​+Originally raised in 1639 as Argyle'​s regiment for service in Scotland, the regiment was the longest-lasting Covenanter unit, surviving to fight at Worcester in 1651. After service with Monro in Ulster the regiment returned to Scotland where they served with Callendar on the Borders then Argyll in Aberdeenshire before rejoining Callendar in England at the Siege of Newcastle. Returning to Scotland, the regiment garrisoned Aberdeen and Inverness until in May 1645 they were assigned to Urry's army. In the front line at Auldearn, the regiment suffered severe casualties in battle, losing their Colonel, Lieutenant Colonel, 4 Captains, 5 Lieutenants and 200 soldiers ​killed
  
-In 1647 they were due to be sent to Ireland but refused to depart Inverness until arrears of pay had been settled. Therefore, by default, they can be viewed as one of the Scots New Model Army regiments. By Dunbar they were described as //the stoutest regiment in the army//.+In 1647 they were due to be sent to Ireland but refused to depart Inverness until arrears of pay had been settled. Therefore, by default, they can be viewed as one of the Scots New Model Army regiments. By Dunbar they were described as //the stoutest regiment in the army//. The regiment joined Charles'​s army in camp at Stirling in 1651 and likely ended their service at the Battle of Worcester, though Furgol notes this is not confirmed.
  
-As well as the officers listed below, the regiment also lost 5 Lieutenants & 200 men killed at Auldearn 
 =====Coats, Flags & Equipment===== =====Coats, Flags & Equipment=====
 The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets. In 1639, remarkably, they were noted to be wearing red trousers. In February 1646 400 suits of clothing and 400 pairs of shoes were requested for the regiment. ​   The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets. In 1639, remarkably, they were noted to be wearing red trousers. In February 1646 400 suits of clothing and 400 pairs of shoes were requested for the regiment. ​  
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 Possibly a blue flag with white saltire and the inscription //COVENANT for Religion Croune and Countrie// captured at Dunbar might be from the regiment.((Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours// Partizan Press 1988)). ​ Possibly a blue flag with white saltire and the inscription //COVENANT for Religion Croune and Countrie// captured at Dunbar might be from the regiment.((Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours// Partizan Press 1988)). ​
  
-In 1639 Campbell of Lawers called for bows and arrows and hackbutts, though probably the regiment was conventionally equipped with pike and musket through most of its career, though ​Furgol mentions the possibility of them having firelocks by Dunbar.+In 1639 Campbell of Lawers called for bows and arrows and hackbutts, though probably the regiment was conventionally equipped with pike and musket through most of its careerFurgol mentions the possibility of them having firelocks by Dunbar. 
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
-A list of the regiment'​s officers is shown in Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651// Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550 ​+A list of the regiment'​s officers is shown in Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651// Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550 
 + 
 ====Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquis of Argyll==== ====Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquis of Argyll====
- 
 Argyll (also spelt Argyle) (circa 1607-1661) was Chief of Clan Campbell and most prominent leader of the Scots Covenanters. In effect he ruled Scotland during the Civil Wars. Biographies can be found online at the [[http://​www.british-civil-wars.co.uk/​biog/​argyll.htm|BCW website]], [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Archibald_Campbell,​_1st_Marquess_of_Argyll|Wikipedia]] and [[http://​thepeerage.com/​p10955.htm|the Peerage.com]]. In 1639 he seized Hamilton'​s castle at Broddick. He led Covenanter forces in a raid on the Highlands during the Second Bishops'​ War of 1640, capturing Airlie and Dumbarton Castles. In 1644 he accompanied the Covenanter invasion of England but soon returned to Scotland, in May he took Aberdeen from Huntly'​s Royalists, then captured Kellie Castle. He led the Covenanters at the Battle of Fyvie and besieged Huntly Castle in winter 1644. In 1645 he was present at Inverlochy, but not a participant in the battle due to a dislocated shoulder and fled the scene in his galley on Lake Linhe. He was also present at Kilsyth. In 1648 he opposed the Engagers and later supported the Whiggamore rising, but in 1651 helped strike the deal that saw Charles II lead another Scottish army into England. In 1653 he opposed Glencairn'​s rising. Convicted of treason after the Restoration,​ he was beheaded in May 1661, his head being affixed to the same spike that had held Montrose'​s eleven years before. Argyll (also spelt Argyle) (circa 1607-1661) was Chief of Clan Campbell and most prominent leader of the Scots Covenanters. In effect he ruled Scotland during the Civil Wars. Biographies can be found online at the [[http://​www.british-civil-wars.co.uk/​biog/​argyll.htm|BCW website]], [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Archibald_Campbell,​_1st_Marquess_of_Argyll|Wikipedia]] and [[http://​thepeerage.com/​p10955.htm|the Peerage.com]]. In 1639 he seized Hamilton'​s castle at Broddick. He led Covenanter forces in a raid on the Highlands during the Second Bishops'​ War of 1640, capturing Airlie and Dumbarton Castles. In 1644 he accompanied the Covenanter invasion of England but soon returned to Scotland, in May he took Aberdeen from Huntly'​s Royalists, then captured Kellie Castle. He led the Covenanters at the Battle of Fyvie and besieged Huntly Castle in winter 1644. In 1645 he was present at Inverlochy, but not a participant in the battle due to a dislocated shoulder and fled the scene in his galley on Lake Linhe. He was also present at Kilsyth. In 1648 he opposed the Engagers and later supported the Whiggamore rising, but in 1651 helped strike the deal that saw Charles II lead another Scottish army into England. In 1653 he opposed Glencairn'​s rising. Convicted of treason after the Restoration,​ he was beheaded in May 1661, his head being affixed to the same spike that had held Montrose'​s eleven years before.
 ====Sir Mungo Campbell of Lawers==== ====Sir Mungo Campbell of Lawers====
 [[https://​histfam.familysearch.org/​getperson.php?​personID=I271219&​tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous|Sir Mungo Campbell]] was killed in Battle at Auldearn [[https://​histfam.familysearch.org/​getperson.php?​personID=I271219&​tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous|Sir Mungo Campbell]] was killed in Battle at Auldearn
 ====Sir James Campbell of Lawers==== ====Sir James Campbell of Lawers====
-Took over the regiment in 1646+Son of Sir Mungo, he took over the regiment in 1646
  
 =====Officer Lists===== =====Officer Lists=====
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   *August 1649: Reorganised into 6 companies, and 187 more Linlithgowshire men authorised to be levied   *August 1649: Reorganised into 6 companies, and 187 more Linlithgowshire men authorised to be levied
   *September 1650: Estimated 600 at Dunbar   *September 1650: Estimated 600 at Dunbar
-  *June: 413 men+  *June 1651: 413 men 
 +  *July 1651: 391 men 
 +  *July 1651: 400 men 
 =====See Also======  =====See Also======
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====
 Campbell of Lawers'​ Regiment are re-enacted by [[http://​www.ecwsa.org/​lawers/​|Campbell of Lawers]] regiment of the English Civil War Society of America Campbell of Lawers'​ Regiment are re-enacted by [[http://​www.ecwsa.org/​lawers/​|Campbell of Lawers]] regiment of the English Civil War Society of America