Sir John Cochrane of that Ilk’s Regiment of Foot

Active1640 to 1646
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsSecond Bishops’ War
Confederate War
First Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir John Cochrane
Robert Home
John Maxwell
Area RaisedPartly Galloway
Coat ColourGrey?
Red
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesMunro 1642-6
Baillie 1645

Later Colonel Robert Home of Heugh’s, then Colonel John Maxwell’s Regiment of Foot

Covenanter foot serving in both Scotland and Ireland, notably wearing red coats in 1645

Service History

1640

  • April: Raised, partly in Galloway
  • May: Quartered at Haddington
  • May: March on Dumfriesshire
  • June to September: Siege of Caerlaverock Castle
  • June to September: Siege of Threave Castle
  • Garrison Dumfries

1641

  • September: Moved from Dumfries to Edinburgh and retained despite the general disbandment of the Scots army
  • Cochrane implicated in ‘The Incident’ and dismissed, replaced as Colonel by Home

1642

  • March: Embarked at Ayr and shipped for Ireland under Home
  • March: Windbound off Arran
  • April: Arrive at Carrickfergus, forming part of Monro's army
  • May: Take Newry (commanded musketeers)
  • Summer: Campaign with Leven along the Bann and Lough Neagh
  • September: Leven's Lifeguard Coy quartered at Donahadee, County Down
  • Autumn: Garrison Carrickfergus

1643

  • April: Raid Clandeboy's Woods
  • May: Siege of Newcastle County Down
  • Garrison Carrickfergus

1644

  • May: Take Belfast from Ormond's officers, 400 men garrison the town
  • June: Join Munro at Lisnagarvey to campaign into Leinster (7 companies)
  • July: With Munro marching against Lord Castlehaven
  • July: Take Kells?
  • July: Repulsed from Newry?
  • August to September: Standoff at Charlemont?
  • September: Return to quarters at Carrickfergus and Belfast

1645

  • April: Provide 200 men to a combined regiment of 1400 which returns to Scotland under Home
  • Lt Col Maxwell promoted to Colonel and commands the regiment in Ireland in Home's absence
  • Home leads 2 'battalions' in Baillie's army
  • August: Battle of Kilsyth (Home)
  • December: Home returns to Belfast

1646

  • Garrison of Belfast
  • June: Battle of Benburb

1647

  • Remain in garrison

1648

  • Accept the engagement and detach 300 men to serve under George Munro in Hamilton's army
  • September: Belfast, Carrickfergus and Coleraine surrender to Monck
  • September: Disbanded, although some join Monck

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

The regiment included a company known as the Earl of Leven’s Lifeguard. This was theoretically independently commanded by Home but considered an additional company of the regiment. In 1645 Home formed a composite regiment of two battalions of Scots drawn from a number of Munro’s infantry regiments. These were the redcoats that he led to Kilsyth, then he returned to Ireland in December 1645.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Most likely they were originally clothed in the usual Scots hodden grey. However, by their detachment's return to Scotland in 1645 they had acquired red coats.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Sir John Cochrane of that Ilk

Sir John Cochrane was dismissed for his part in the 'incident' and went on to fight for the Royalists in the First Civil War, notably as governor of Towcester.

Robert Home of Heugh

Originally Lieutenant Colonel to Cochrane, he was Colonel for most of the regiment's career

John Maxwell

Temporarily promoted from Lt Colonel to Colonel during 1645 in Home's absence

Lt Thomas Weir

Executed in 1670 for foul crimes

Strength

  • September 1641: 1000 officers and men in 10 companies
  • April 1642: Muster 856 officers and men in 10 companies
  • June 1642: Leven's Lifeguard company musters 117 officers & men
  • Summer 1642: 800 men
  • September 1642: Leven's Lifeguard company musters 133 officers & men with 8 sick
  • Winter 1642: 980 men
  • May 1643: 600 men at siege of Newcastle

See Also