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covenanter:foot-regiments:sir-george-buchannan-of-that-ilk [15/05/2014 01:30]
tim
covenanter:foot-regiments:sir-george-buchannan-of-that-ilk [10/04/2017 13:34] (current)
tim
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 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
-|**Active**|1644 to 16451650 to 1651|+|**Active**|1639| 
 +|1644 to 1645
 +| |1650 to 1651|
 |**Country**|Scotland| |**Country**|Scotland|
 |**Allegiance**|Covenanter| |**Allegiance**|Covenanter|
-|**Conflicts**|First Civil War|+|**Conflicts**|First Bishops'​ War| 
 +|First Civil War|
 | |Third Civil War| | |Third Civil War|
 |**Type**|Foot|  |**Type**|Foot|
 |**Colonel**|Sir George Buchannan| |**Colonel**|Sir George Buchannan|
-|**Area Raised**|Inverness?​| +|**Area Raised**|Stirling & Linlithgow| 
-|Stirling & Linlithgow| +|**Coat Colour**|Blue (1639)
-|**Coat Colour**|Grey?+|**Flag Colour**|Blue?|  
-|**Flag Colour**||  +|**Flag Design**|White saltire?|  
-|**Flag Design**||  +|**Field Armies**|Leslie 1639| 
-|**Field Armies**|Urry 1645|+|Urry 1645|
 | |Leslie 1650| | |Leslie 1650|
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
-//​Covenanter foot in garrison at Invernesswith a detachment fighting at Auldearn, raised again in the Third Civil War//+//​Covenanter foot from Stirlingshireserving on and off throughout ​the Civil Wars//
   
 ===== Service History ===== ===== Service History =====
 +====1639====
 +  *Raised in western Stirlingshire
 +  *Join Leslie’s army at Dun’s Law
 +  *June: Standoff at Dun’s Law
 +  *June: Disbanded following the Treaty of Birks
 +
 ====1644==== ====1644====
-  *Raised for service in Scotland +  *August: ​Raised ​anew from Western Stirlingshire ​for service in Scotland 
-  *October: In garrison at Inverness+  *Autumn: Serving with Argyll 
 +  *September: At Aberdeen 
 +  *October ​to May 1645: In garrison at Inverness
 ====1645==== ====1645====
-  *May: Battle of Auldearn (det)+  ​*February: Pillage Elchess and Cockston 
 +  *May: Urry's army arrives at Inverness 
 +  ​*May: Battle of Auldearn (det?) 
 +  *Disbanded sometime prior to 1647
  
 ====1650==== ====1650====
-  *Raised ​in Stirling and Linlithgow+  *July: Buchannan commissioned Colonel to raise a regiment ​in Stirling, Clackmannan ​and Linlithgow
   *September: Battle of Dunbar   *September: Battle of Dunbar
 +  *December: Buchannan again commissioned colonel for Clackmannan,​ Stirling and Dumbarton this time
 ====1651==== ====1651====
 +  *May: At Stirling
   *Recruits allocated from Stirling   *Recruits allocated from Stirling
 +  *July: Battle of Inverkeithing,​ regiment destroyed and Buchanan captured
  
 =====Notes==== =====Notes====
-Also known as the Laird of Buchanan'​s Regiment+A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s //A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651// Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0 
 + 
 +One of the few Highland units in Leslie’s army of 1639. Also known as the Laird of Buchanan'​s Regiment
 + 
 +In 1645 Buchanan'​s probably sent a detachment to fight at Auldearn while the rest were left behind to secure Inverness.  
 =====Coats, Flags and Equipment===== =====Coats, Flags and Equipment=====
-Possibly ​blue flags with white saltires but conjectural.(( Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours// Partizan Press 1988)) ​+Buchannan'​s Highlanders were described by an English cavalryman, John Aston, while at the camp at Duns Law in 1639((//Six North Country Diaries// by John Crawford Hodgson. The Publications of the Surtees Society Vol. CXVII, Durham, 1910. available online via [[https://​archive.org/​details/​sixnorthcountryd00hodgrich|Archive.org]])):​  
 + 
 +//the Highlanders,​ whose fantastique habitt caused much gazing by such as have not seene them heertofore. They, were all or most part of them well timbred men, tall and active, apparrelled in blew woollen wascotts and blew bonnetts. A paire of bases of plad, and stockings of the same, and a paire of pumpes on their feete : a mantle of plad cast over the left shoulder, and under the right arme, a pocquett before for their knapsack, and a paire of durgs (dirks) on either side the pocquet. They are left to their owne election for their weapons ; some carry onely a sword and targe, others musquetts, and the greater part bow and arrowes, with a quiver to hould about 6 shafts, made of the maine of a goat or colt, with the haire hanging on, and fastned by some belt or such like, soe as it appeares allmost a taile to them. Theise were about 1,000, and had bagg-pipes (for the most part) for their warlick instruments. The Laird Buchannan was theire leader. Theire ensigns had strange devices and strange words, in a language unknowne to mee, whether their owne or not I know not.// 
 + 
 +By the Third Civil War they possibly carried ​blue flags with white saltires but this is conjectural.(( Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours// Partizan Press 1988)) ​ 
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
-====Sir George ​Buchannan ​of that Ilk=== +====Sir George ​Buchanan ​of that Ilk=== 
-Sir George Buchanan of Buchanan, Laird of Buchanan+Sir George Buchanan of Buchanan, Laird of Buchanan. He was captured at Inverkeithing in 1651 and died that year. 
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
 +  * 1639: Approximately 1000 foot
 +  * September 1644: 500 foot with a few cannon attached
 +  * July 1650: Levy quota of 1124 men
 +  * July 1651: 896 common soldiers mustered
 =====See Also======  =====See Also======
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====