Sir David Home of Wedderburn’s Regiment of Foot

Active1643 to 1647
1648
1649-1650
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Second Civil War
Third Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir David Home
Area RaisedMerse
Coat ColourGrey
Flag ColourGreen (1650)
Flag DesignWhite saltires
Field ArmiesLeven 1643-6
Hamilton 1648
Leslie 1650

Covenanter Regiment of Foot raised for service in England, forming part of Leven’s army, then raised again for the Second and Third Civil Wars

Service History

1643

  • August: Raised in the Merse

1644

  • January: Enter England in Leven's army
  • February: Join Lumsden's force blockading Newcastle
  • Garrison of Berwick (det)
  • February to October: Siege of Newcastle

1645

  • July to September: Siege of Hereford
  • November: Quartered in Cleveland
  • November to May 1646: Siege of Newark

1646

  • May: Taking of Newark

1647

  • February: Disbanded

1648

  • Re-raised
  • August: Battle of Winwick Pass

1649

  • February: Home commissioned colonel to re-raise the regiment in Berwickshire, Teviotdale and Selkirk
  • June: In Berwickshire
  • June: Ordered to Arbroath
  • July: At Arbroath

1650

  • Join Leslie's army
  • 3rd September: Battle of Dunbar - Brigaded with Kerr and Mouswall

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Allegedly served in the Second Bishops' War with Leslie at Duns but this has not been confirmed.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets. Flags likely from Home's were captured at Dunbar. The Colonel’s flag is white with a scroll reading COVENANT FOR RELIGION KING AND KINGDOM. Other flags are green with a white saltire and various small central distinctions in red; crescent, star & heart; label; crescent; star; ring; fleur de lis; sun.1)

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Sir David Home of Wedderburn

Slain at Dunbar, as was his son and Lieutenant Colonel, George Home.

Strength

  • 1644: 10 companies
  • January 1646: 507
  • April 1646: 596
  • February 1649: 800 men to be levied
  • July 1649: Only 100 men
  • August 1649: 450 more levies ordered

See Also

1) Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988