Sir Andrew Kerr of Greenhead’s Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration 11)
Active1649-1651
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsThird Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir Andrew Kerr
Richard Douglas
Area RaisedTeviotdale & Selkirk
Coat ColourGrey?
Flag ColourBlue
Flag DesignWhite saltire
Field ArmiesLeslie 1650
Garrison

Covenanter foot regiment of the Third Civil War fighting at Dunbar, probably ending up massacred at Dundee

Later Colonel Richard Douglas' Regiment of Foot

Service History

1649

  • February: Kerr commissioned colonel to raise a regiment from Teviotdale and Selkirk
  • May: Only 2 companies raised
  • June: Ordered to Montrose

1650

  • 3rd September: Battle of Dunbar - Brigaded with Mouswall and Wedderburn
  • September: At Stirling
  • Kerr leaves the army to join the Western Association
  • December: Quartered in Dundee

1651

  • January: Richard Douglas Colonel by now
  • Garrison of Dundee
  • August to September: Besieged at Dundee?
  • September: Destroyed at the Storm of Dundee?

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Coats, Flags & Equipment

Flags of the regiment have been identified among those captured at Dunbar. Kerr's Colonel's colour was white with a blue panel with white saltire above a thistle and wreath proper. The scroll read COVENANTS FOR RELIGION KING AND KINGDOMES PRO CHRISTO PRO PATRIA DULCE (illustration 1), while the other companies carried blue flags with white saltires with small central distinctions and numbers in red; thistle proper; martlet; label; star; ring; cinquefoil; fleur de lis.2)

Notable Officers

Sir Andrew Kerr

Lieutenant-Colonel James Kerr

Killed at Dunbar

Strength

  • February 1649: 800 levies planned
  • May 1649: 2 companies
  • July 1649: 200 men

See Also

1) Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine
2) Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988