Sir Alexander Hamilton’s, The General of Artillery’s Regiment of Foot

Active1643 to 1648
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Second Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir Alexander Hamilton
Sir James Lindsay
Area RaisedClydesdale
Coat ColourGrey
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLeven 1643-5
Middleton 1647
Leslie 1647
Hamilton 1648

Covenanter Regiment of Foot raised for service in England, forming part of Leven’s army, continuing in the Scots New Model Army and fighting on the Preston campaign

Service History

1643

  • August: Raised in Clydesdale

1644

  • March: Battle of Hylton
  • Garrison of Berwick (det under Lindsay)
  • April to July: Siege of York
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • July: Siege of York
  • July to October: Siege of Newcastle (5 Coy at the storm)
  • Quarter in County Durham over the winter

1645

  • July to September: Siege of Hereford
  • Regiment returns to Scotland

1646

  • April: Garrison Aberdeen
  • Serve in northeast campaign?
  • August: Quarter at Linlithgow
  • September to February 1647: Garrison Aberdeen

1647

  • February: One company continues as the basis for the regiment in the Scots New Model Army, the rest disbanded.
  • February: Ordered to Dundee
  • March: At Aberdeen
  • April: Campaign as part of Middleton's force
  • July: Join Leslie in the Western Isles
  • September: Quartered at Douglasdale

1648

  • March to April: Quartered at Linlithgow
  • Garrison Glasgow
  • July: Preston campaign (det?)
  • August: Battle of Winwick Pass
  • August: Surrender to the New Model Army at Winwick and Warrington

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Sir James Lindsay of Bellstanes appears to have commanded the detachment at Berwick as a colonel.

In 1647 the new Model Army regiment was formed of 50 men from the Earl of Cassilis’ Regiment of Foot, 53 from Viscount Kenmure’s Regiment of Foot, 80 from Colonel William Stewart’s Regiment of Foot, 83 from James Elphinstone, Lord Coupar’s Regiment of Foot, 1 company from each of the Earl of Moray’s Highland Levies, Baillie's Regiment of Foot, Sir Alexander Hamilton’s, The General of Artillery’s Regiment of Foot and the Earl of Loudon’s Regiment of Foot.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Sir Alexander Hamilton

Colonel to 1648, died in November 1649

Sir James Lindsay of Bellstanes

Governor of Berwick

Strength

  • February 1644: 10 companies
  • January 1645: 444 officers & men
  • April 1646: 400 men in 10 companies
  • 1646-7: 500 men in 10 companies
  • January 1647: Established at 6 companies of 133 men each
  • August 1648: 3 officers and 51 men captured at Warrington

See Also