Sir Alexander Gibson of Durie’s, the ‘Levied Regiment’ of Foot

Active1640 to 1641
1643 to 1644
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsSecond Bishops' War
First Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir Alexander Gibson
Lord Sinclair
Area RaisedEdinburgh
Coat ColourGrey
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLeslie 1640-41
Leven 1644

Later Lord Sinclair’s Regiment of Foot

Scots Covenanter regiment of foot raised for the invasion of England in the Second Bishops' and First Civil Wars

Service History

1640

  • October: Raised in Edinburgh
  • Probably quartered near Newcastle

1641

  • August: Return to Scotland after the Treaty of London
  • August: Retained in service despite the general disbanding of the Scots army
  • October: Disbanded

1643

  • July to August: Raised anew for Service in England
  • September: Taking of Berwick on Tweed

1644

  • February: Siege of Newcastle
  • March: Taking of Morpeth
  • March to May: Garrison of Morpeth (5 Coy under Somerville)
  • April to July: Siege of York
  • May: Besieged in Morpeth (5 Coy under Somerville), surrender 29th
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • July: Siege of York
  • Reduced into Lord Sinclair’s Regiment of Foot, recently returned from Irish service

Notes

Also known as the Lord Register's Regiment in 1641, Gibson holding this post. Raised anew by the Senators of the College of Justice in 1643 and known as the ‘Levied Regiment’ or the 'College of Justice Regiment'. There are discrepancies in the regiment's history, between Furgol and Reid, with Furgol doubting the veracity of Memoirs of the Somervilles and instead proposing that the regiment was always commanded by Sinclair. Gibson, if he did command, does not seem to have remained in command very long before the regiment was taken over by Lord Sinclair.

Sinclair had previously raised his own regiment in 1640, which had gone on to serve in Ireland. The Levied Regiment, after taking Morpeth, left five companies in garrison under Lt Col Somerville, while the remaining five companies joined Leven’s Army for the Marston Moor campaign. Somerville’s detachment sustained heavy losses while besieged at Morpeth and after surrendering returned to Scotland. After Marston Moor the regiment was reduced into Lord Sinclair’s old Regiment of Foot which had returned from Ireland.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

Notable Officers

Sir Alexander Gibson of Durie

Lord Sinclair

Lt Col. James Somerville

Strength

Second Bishops' War

  • 3 field officers
  • 12 other officers
  • 28 NCOs
  • 4 scribes
  • 12 drummers and pipers
  • 1 quartermaster
  • 1 regimental scribe
  • 506 privates in 4 companies

First Civil War

  • 1643: Allegedly 1200 writer-apprentices, servants and trades-youths
  • 1644: 10 companies
  • March 1644: 500 men in 5 companies with Somerville at Morpeth, 5 companies with Leven under Lumsden

See Also