Sir Alexander Frazer of Philorth’s Regiment of Foot

Active1639
1640
1644
1648
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Bishops' War
Second Bishops' War
Second Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir Alexander Frazer
Area RaisedAberdeenshire
Coat ColourGrey?
Flag ColourBlue
Flag DesignWhite saltire
Field ArmiesHamilton 1648

Covenanter regiment of foot serving in the Bishops' Wars and on the Preston campaign in the Second Civil War

Service History

1639

  • May: Raised in Buchan, Aberdeenshire
  • May: Occupy Aberdeen
  • June: Disband (5th)

1640

  • April to May: Raised in Buchan, Aberdeenshire
  • May: Occupy Aberdeen

1644

  • April: Garrison Philorth Castle
  • April: Join Argyll at Dunottar Castle and serve on Argyll's campaign
  • September: Battle of Aberdeen, probably as part of Lord Fraser’s Highland Levies

1648

  • May: Frazer commissioned colonel to raise the regiment anew in Aberdeenshire and Banffshire
  • July: Preston campaign
  • August: Battle of Winwick Pass
  • August: Surrender to the New Model Army at Winwick and Warrington

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

In 1639, 1640 and 1644 they were probably not formally regimented, Furgol labels them a ‘retinue’. In 1648 they were firelock-armed and sometimes known as Frazer’s firelocks. Furgol does not identify which Frazer was commanding in 1648 but suggests they may have formed the artillery guard of Hamilton's army.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Equipped with firelock muskets in 1648. As was common for Scots foot regiments, the Colonel's company carried a white flag while other companies carried coloured flags. Captured at Preston, the white flag had a scroll and what might be cockerel feathers but is a ripped fragment only. Flags of the other companies were blue with a white saltire and a central pot of lilies. The inscription was for Couanant Religon Kinge and Kingdomes1)

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1

Sir Alexander Frazer of Philorth

Strength

  • May 1644: 200 men in total with Forbes of Boyndlie's Regiment.
  • May 1648: Aim to recruit 800 men
  • August 1648: 160 surrender at Warrington Bridge

See Also

1) Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988