Marquis of Argyll’s Lowand Regiment of Foot

Active1643-1646
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelMarquis of Argyll
Area RaisedScotland
Coat ColourGrey
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGarrison

Covenanter Lowland regiment of foot raised for service in England, garrisoning Berwick-on-Tweed. 1)

Service History

1643

  • Raised in the Scottish Lowlands
  • October: Chaplain appointed by synod of Argyll

1644

  • January: Lt Denniston quartered at Linlithgow
  • Garrison of Berwick-on-Tweed

1645

  • June: Quartered in Menteith
  • August: Recruits ordered from Dumbartonshire

1646

Notes

Argyll’s Lowland regiment were raised for service in England in 1643. Berwick-on-Tweed had been taken from the Royalists by Lord Sinclair’s Levied Regiment in September 1643. Argyle’s Lowland regiment then formed the garrison. This might be the same regiment that Furgol refers to as existing between 1643 and 16462) and the history above is based upon this supposition.

Coats and Flags

The regiment were likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquis of Argyll

Argyll (also spelt Argyle) (circa 1607-1661) was Chief of Clan Campbell and most prominent leader of the Scots Covenanters. In effect he ruled Scotland during the Civil Wars. Biographies can be found online at the BCW website, Wikipedia and the Peerage.com. In 1639 he seized Hamilton's castle at Broddick. He led Covenanter forces in a raid on the Highlands during the Second Bishops' War of 1640, capturing Airlie and Dumbarton Castles. In 1644 he accompanied the Covenanter invasion of England but soon returned to Scotland, in May he took Aberdeen from Huntly's Royalists, then captured Kellie Castle. He led the Covenanters at the Battle of Fyvie and besieged Huntly Castle in winter 1644. In 1645 he was present at Inverlochy, but not a participant in the battle due to a dislocated shoulder and fled the scene in his galley on Lake Linhe. He was also present at Kilsyth. In 1648 he opposed the Engagers and later supported the Whiggamore rising, but in 1651 helped strike the deal that saw Charles II lead another Scottish army into England. In 1653 he opposed Glencairn's rising. Convicted of treason after the Restoration, he was beheaded in May 1661, his head being affixed to the same spike that had held Montrose's eleven years before.

Strength

See Also

1) Stuart Reid Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550 1
2) Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0