Lord Sinclair’s Regiment of Foot

Active1639
1640 to 1647
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Bishops' War
Second Bishops’ War
Irish Confederate War
First Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelLord Sinclair
Area RaisedAberdeen
Caithness
Orkney
Coat ColourGrey?
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLeslie 1639
Garrison
Monro 1642-4
Callendar 1644
Leven 1644-6

Covenanter regiment of foot raised during the Bishops’ Wars, serving in Ireland then in England.

Service History

1639

  • Two regiments raised from Fife with command shared between Lindsay, Sinclair and Rothes
  • March: taking of Dalkeith Castle
  • June: Join Leslie’s army at Duns Law
  • June: Standoff at Duns Law
  • June: Disbanded following the Treaty of Birks

1640

  • September: Raised anew in Caithness and Orkney
  • October to February 1642: Garrison Aberdeen

1641

  • Garrison Aberdeen
  • August: Retained in service despite the general Scots disbandment

1642

  • February: Leave Aberdeen
  • March: Embark at Irvine, but wind-bound off Arran
  • April: Land at Carrickfergus
  • May: Take Newry (det of 200)
  • Garrison at Newry
  • Receive 500 reinforcements from Scotland
  • August: Lord Sinclair arrives in Ireland alongside Leven
  • September: Taking of Dungannon (800 men)

1643

  • Sinclair returns to Scotland
  • May: Skirmish at Tanderagee?
  • May: Battle of Loughgall (300 musketeers under Maj. Turner)
  • August to September: Siege of Charlemont
  • September: With the Cessation, a local truce is agreed between Newry garrison and Col. Turlough O' Neill

1644

  • February: Newry handed over to Lord Moore of Ormond's army, following an offer by Lt Col Sinclair to sell the town for £960
  • February: Shipped from Groomsport, Ireland to Irvine, Scotland
  • March via Paisley and Glasgow to Stirling
  • Attempt to betray Stirling Castle to the Royalists unsuccessful
  • April: March to the Borders
  • June: March into England as part of the Earl of Callendar's force
  • July to October: Siege of Newcastle
  • Merged with Sinclair's other regiment, the ‘Levied Regiment’ of Foot

1645

  • July to September: Siege of Hereford
  • Quarter in Yorkshire
  • November to May 1646: Siege of Newark

1646

  • May: Surrender of Newark
  • July: Quarter in Durham

1647

  • January: Return to Scotland
  • February: Due to return to Ireland, but mutiny at Peebles
  • April: Disbanded

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Particularly badly behaved at Aberdeen the regiment were blamed for 65 pregnancies amongst honest women servants, as well as for drunkenness, fighting and swearing.

On reaching England in 1644 the regiment was amalgamated with Lord Sinclair’s second regiment, the Levied Regiment.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

Supplied with 200 muskets, 300 bandoliers and 100 pikes in April 1644.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Lord Sinclair

John, 9th Lord Sinclair

Lt Col David Sinclair

Lt Col to 1642

Lt Col Henry Sinclair

Lt Col after 1642, and effective commander in Ireland as Lord Sinclair was usually absent

Maj James Turner

Holding Royalist sympathies, he was involved in the abortive effort to betray Stirling and in 1646 offered to aid the King in an escape attempt from the Scots army at Newark, which offer was declined.

Strength

  • October 1640: 438 men plus officers in 6 companies
  • July 1641: 505 enlisted men
  • December 1641: 477 enlisted men, 84 officers and others
  • March 1642: 260 men after desertion following news of their deployment to Ireland
  • April 1642: 486 officers and men
  • August 1642: 1032 men and 109 officers in 10 companies
  • December 1645: 491 officers & men
  • January 1646: 436 of all ranks including 33 sick
  • April 1646: 453 officers & men

See Also