Lord Gordon’s Regiment of Foot

Active1643 to 1647
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelLord Gordon
Sir James Lumsden
Area RaisedAberdeenshire
Coat ColourGrey
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLeven 1643-4
Garrison

Later Sir James Lumsden’s Regiment of Foot

Covenanter Regiment of Foot raised for service in England, forming part of Leven’s army, then garrison of Newcastle

Service History

1643

  • Raised in Aberdeenshire and Banffshire

1644

  • January: Skirmish at Shieldfield Fort
  • February: Blockade Newcastle
  • March to April: Lt Col Lumsden quartered in county Durham with 302 men
  • April: Escort ammunition to York
  • April to July: Siege of York
  • July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • July: Siege of York
  • July to October: Siege of Newcastle
  • November to December: Quartered in county Durham
  • Garrison of Newcastle

1645

  • Garrison of Newcastle
  • February: Lord Gordon defects to the Royalists
  • February: Sir James Lumsden promoted to Colonel
  • August: Captain Forbes detachment of 58 march out of Carlisle

1646

  • Garrison of Newcastle

1647

  • January: March out of Newcastle
  • February: Disbanded

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Coats, Flags & Equipment

The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Lord Gordon

Lord George Gordon, first son and heir of George Gordon, 2nd Marquis of Huntly was killed at the Battle of Alford in July 1645.

Sir James Lumsden

Originally Lieutenant Colonel of the regiment, he was appointed Governor of Newcastle after its capture in October 1644 and replaced Lord Gordon as Colonel on Gordon’s defection to Montrose.

Strength

  • April 1644: 302 men with Lumsden
  • September 1644: ~800-1100 men, after recruits arrive from Scotland
  • March 1645: 321 of all ranks
  • May 1645: 448 officers & men
  • June 1645: 546 foot
  • August 1645: 627 officers & men
  • December 1645: 588 officer & men
  • March 1646: 614 officers & men
  • May 1646: 647 all ranks

See Also