Lord Carnegie’s Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration 11)
Active1639
1640
1644
1648
1651
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Bishops' War
Second Bishops' War
Second Civil War
Third Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelLord Carnegie
Area RaisedAngus
Forfarshire
Coat ColourGrey?
Flag ColourRed
Flag DesignWhite saltire
Field ArmiesMontrose 1639
Argyll 1644
Hamilton 1648

Covenanter regiment of foot serving in the Bishops' Wars, First Civil War, on the Preston campaign in the Second Civil War and raised again in the Third Civil War

Service History

1639

  • Raised in Angus
  • March: With Montrose at Aberdeen
  • April: Disbanded?

1640

  • Raised anew in Angus
  • Join Leslie’s army at the Borders
  • August to August 1641: Occupy Newcastle

1641

  • August: Return to Scotland and disbanded at Leith after the Treaty of London

1644

  • March: Raised anew in Angus by Carnegie and the Earl of Kinghorn as joint Colonels
  • April: Rendezvous at Dunottar Castle
  • May: Occupy Aberdeen
  • May: Accompany Argyll to suppress Huntly's forces
  • May: Return to Aberdeen
  • June: Disbanded

1648

  • May: Raised anew in Angus & Forfarshire
  • July: Preston campaign
  • August: Battle of Winwick Pass
  • August: Surrender to the New Model Army at Winwick and Warrington, Carnegie also captured

1650

  • December: Carnegie commissioned colonel of foot for Angus

1651

  • Re-raised in Angus

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

In 1644 the unit was under joint command of Lord Carnegie and the Earl of Kinghorn. Little is known of the 1651 unit apart from a prosecution for a soldier assaulting one Christian Folly, a woman said to be of negotiable virtue.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Flags have been identified from those captured during the Preston campaign. As was common for Scots foot regiments, the Colonel's company carried a white flag while other companies carried coloured flags. The white flag had a gold crest with the motto dread GOD and a scroll with the inscription COVENANT FOR RELIGION KING AND KINGDOMES (Illustration 1). Flags of the other companies were red with white saltire and central wreath. The wreath either enclosed red stars or heraldic devices representing each captain. The inscription was Covenant for Religion Croune and Kingdomes.2)

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1

James Carnegie, Lord Carnegie

Son of the 1st Earl of Southesk and brother-in-law of Montrose, later became 2nd Earl of Southesk

Strength

  • 1640: 800 men
  • May 1648: 1500 men authorised, but recruiting difficulties result in far lower numbers
  • August 1648: 160 men surrender at Warrington

See Also

1) Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine
2) Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988