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covenanter:foot-regiments:john-murray-earl-of-atholl [24/05/2014 10:06]
tim
covenanter:foot-regiments:john-murray-earl-of-atholl [05/02/2017 00:09] (current)
tim
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 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
-|**Active**|1639,​ 1648, 1651, 1653|+|**Flag Illustration 1**|{{:​covenanter:​foot-regiments:​preston_1.jpg?​200|}}((Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine))| 
 +|**Active**|1639, ​1640| 
 +| |1648, 1651, 1653|
 |**Country**|Scotland| |**Country**|Scotland|
 |**Allegiance**|Covenanter| |**Allegiance**|Covenanter|
 | |Royalist| | |Royalist|
 |**Conflicts**|First Bishops'​ War| |**Conflicts**|First Bishops'​ War|
 +| |Second Bishops'​ War|
 | |Second Civil War| | |Second Civil War|
 | |Third Civil War| | |Third Civil War|
 | |Glencairn'​s Rising| | |Glencairn'​s Rising|
 |**Type**|Foot|  |**Type**|Foot|
-|**Colonel**|Earl of Atholl|+|**Colonel**|1st Earl of Atholl| 
 +| |2nd Earl of Atholl|
 |**Area Raised**|Perthshire| |**Area Raised**|Perthshire|
 |**Coat Colour**|Grey?​ | |**Coat Colour**|Grey?​ |
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 |**Flag Design**|White saltire edged red|  |**Flag Design**|White saltire edged red|
 |**Field Armies**|Montrose 1639| |**Field Armies**|Montrose 1639|
 +| |Leslie 1640|
 | |Hamilton 1648| | |Hamilton 1648|
 | |Charles 1651| | |Charles 1651|
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
-//​Covenanter regiment of foot serving in the Bishops'​ Wars, on the Preston campaign in the Second Civil War, at Worcester in the Third and raised again during Glencairn'​s rising//+//​Covenanter regiment of foot serving in the Bishops'​ Wars, on the Preston campaign in the Second Civil War, the Third and raised again during Glencairn'​s rising//
   
 ===== Service History ===== ===== Service History =====
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   *June: Occupy Aberdeen   *June: Occupy Aberdeen
   *June: Likely disbanded   *June: Likely disbanded
 +
 +====1640====
 +  *July: Raised in Perthshire as a condition of Atholl'​s release by Argyll
 +  *Join Leslie'​s army at the Border
 +  *August: Invade England
 +  *August: Taking of Newcastle
 +  *August to August 1641: Occupy Newcastle
 +
 +====1641====
 +  *August: Return to Scotland and disband after the Treaty of London
  
 ====1648==== ====1648====
-  *Raised in Perthshire+  *May: Raised in Perthshire
   *July: Preston campaign ​   *July: Preston campaign ​
 +  *July: Skirmish at Penrith?
 +  *July: Skirmish at Appleby?
 +  *July: Skirmish at Stainmore?
   *August: Battle of Winwick Pass   *August: Battle of Winwick Pass
   *August: Surrender to the New Model Army at Winwick and Warrington   *August: Surrender to the New Model Army at Winwick and Warrington
  
 ====1650==== ====1650====
-  *December: ​Ordered to be levied+  ​*October: Atholl joins Middleton'​s rising 
 +  ​*December: ​Atholl commissioned as a colonel of foot for Perthshire
 ====1651==== ====1651====
   *Re-raised in Perthshire   *Re-raised in Perthshire
-  *Based at Stirling +  *May: Arrive ​at Stirling 
-  *SeptemberBattle of Worcester +  *AugustSent to Atholl
 ====1653==== ====1653====
-  *New regiment raised+  *Join Glencairn'​s rising 
 +====1654==== 
 +  *September: Surrender to Monck
  
 =====Notes==== =====Notes====
 +A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s //A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651// Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0
 +
 +While Reid places the regiment at the Battle of Worcester, Furgol states that they did not serve on the Worcester campaign.
 =====Coats, Flags and Equipment===== =====Coats, Flags and Equipment=====
-Identified as having blue flags at Preston with a red-edged saltire and an inscription in gold //Couenant for Religion King and Kingdoms//​((Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours// Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1)). Atholl'​s regiment of 1653 also carried blue colours. ​+Identified as having blue flags at Preston with a red-edged ​white saltire and an inscription in gold //Couenant for Religion King and Kingdoms// ​(Illustration 1)((Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours// Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1)). Atholl'​s regiment of 1653 also carried blue colours. ​
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
 A list of the regiment'​s officers is shown in Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours// Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1 A list of the regiment'​s officers is shown in Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours// Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1
 ====John Murray, 1st Earl of Atholl==== ====John Murray, 1st Earl of Atholl====
-A Royalist in sympathy, he nevertheless raised forces for Montrose'​s ​Covenanters in 1639+A Royalist in sympathy, he nevertheless raised forces for the Covenanters in the Bishops'​ Wars. In 1642 he died and was succeeded by his son, the Second Earl. 
 +====John Murray, 2nd Earl of Atholl==== 
 +[[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​John_Murray,​_1st_Marquess_of_Atholl|John Murray]]
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
   *1639: 300 men at Aberdeen   *1639: 300 men at Aberdeen
 +  *1640: Between 500 and 800 strong
 +  *May 1647: 800 authorised
 +  *August 1647: 168 officers and men surrender at Warrington
 +  *1651: Estimated as 1000 men, likely wrongly
 +  *June 1651: 856 men
 +  *June 1651: 715 foot with 164 joining later
 +  *July: 100 foot from Dunkeld assigned to the regiment
 +  *July: 859 men
 =====See Also======  =====See Also======
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====