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covenanter:foot-regiments:john-murray-earl-of-atholl [14/05/2014 20:41]
tim
covenanter:foot-regiments:john-murray-earl-of-atholl [05/02/2017 00:09] (current)
tim
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 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
-|**Active**|1648,​ 1653|+|**Flag Illustration 1**|{{:​covenanter:​foot-regiments:​preston_1.jpg?​200|}}((Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine))| 
 +|**Active**|1639, 1640| 
 +|1648, 1651, 1653|
 |**Country**|Scotland| |**Country**|Scotland|
 |**Allegiance**|Covenanter| |**Allegiance**|Covenanter|
-|**Conflicts**|Second Civil War|+| |Royalist| 
 +|**Conflicts**|First Bishops'​ War| 
 +|Second ​Bishops'​ War| 
 +| |Second Civil War| 
 +| |Third ​Civil War|
 | |Glencairn'​s Rising| | |Glencairn'​s Rising|
 |**Type**|Foot|  |**Type**|Foot|
-|**Colonel**|Earl of Atholl|+|**Colonel**|1st Earl of Atholl| 
 +| |2nd Earl of Atholl|
 |**Area Raised**|Perthshire| |**Area Raised**|Perthshire|
 |**Coat Colour**|Grey?​ | |**Coat Colour**|Grey?​ |
 |**Flag Colour**|Blue|  |**Flag Colour**|Blue|
 |**Flag Design**|White saltire edged red|  |**Flag Design**|White saltire edged red|
-|**Field Armies**|Hamilton 1648|+|**Field Armies**|Montrose 1639| 
 +| |Leslie 1640| 
 +|Hamilton 1648
 +| |Charles 1651|
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
-//​Covenanter regiment of foot serving on the Preston campaign in the Second Civil War//+//​Covenanter regiment of foot serving ​in the Bishops'​ Wars, on the Preston campaign in the Second Civil War, the Third and raised again during Glencairn'​s rising//
   
 ===== Service History ===== ===== Service History =====
 +
 +====1639====
 +  *June: Battle of Megray Hill
 +  *June: Skirmish at the Brig o' Dee
 +  *June: Occupy Aberdeen
 +  *June: Likely disbanded
 +
 +====1640====
 +  *July: Raised in Perthshire as a condition of Atholl'​s release by Argyll
 +  *Join Leslie'​s army at the Border
 +  *August: Invade England
 +  *August: Taking of Newcastle
 +  *August to August 1641: Occupy Newcastle
 +
 +====1641====
 +  *August: Return to Scotland and disband after the Treaty of London
  
 ====1648==== ====1648====
-  *Raised in Perthshire+  *May: Raised in Perthshire
   *July: Preston campaign ​   *July: Preston campaign ​
 +  *July: Skirmish at Penrith?
 +  *July: Skirmish at Appleby?
 +  *July: Skirmish at Stainmore?
   *August: Battle of Winwick Pass   *August: Battle of Winwick Pass
   *August: Surrender to the New Model Army at Winwick and Warrington   *August: Surrender to the New Model Army at Winwick and Warrington
  
 +====1650====
 +  *October: Atholl joins Middleton'​s rising
 +  *December: Atholl commissioned as a colonel of foot for Perthshire
 +====1651====
 +  *Re-raised in Perthshire
 +  *May: Arrive at Stirling
 +  *August: Sent to Atholl
 ====1653==== ====1653====
-  *New regiment raised+  *Join Glencairn'​s rising 
 +====1654==== 
 +  *September: Surrender to Monck
  
 =====Notes==== =====Notes====
 +A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s //A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651// Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0
 +
 +While Reid places the regiment at the Battle of Worcester, Furgol states that they did not serve on the Worcester campaign.
 =====Coats, Flags and Equipment===== =====Coats, Flags and Equipment=====
-Identified as having blue flags with a red-edged saltire and an inscription in gold //Couenant for Religion King and Kingdoms//​((Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours// Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1)). Atholl'​s regiment of 1653 also carried blue colours. ​+Identified as having blue flags at Preston ​with a red-edged ​white saltire and an inscription in gold //Couenant for Religion King and Kingdoms// ​(Illustration 1)((Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours// Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1)). Atholl'​s regiment of 1653 also carried blue colours. ​
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
 A list of the regiment'​s officers is shown in Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours// Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1 A list of the regiment'​s officers is shown in Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours// Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1
-====John Murray, Earl of Atholl====+====John Murray, ​1st Earl of Atholl==== 
 +A Royalist in sympathy, he nevertheless raised forces for the Covenanters in the Bishops'​ Wars. In 1642 he died and was succeeded by his son, the Second Earl. 
 +====John Murray, 2nd Earl of Atholl==== 
 +[[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​John_Murray,​_1st_Marquess_of_Atholl|John Murray]]
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
 +  *1639: 300 men at Aberdeen
 +  *1640: Between 500 and 800 strong
 +  *May 1647: 800 authorised
 +  *August 1647: 168 officers and men surrender at Warrington
 +  *1651: Estimated as 1000 men, likely wrongly
 +  *June 1651: 856 men
 +  *June 1651: 715 foot with 164 joining later
 +  *July: 100 foot from Dunkeld assigned to the regiment
 +  *July: 859 men
 =====See Also======  =====See Also======
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====