Colonel James Holborn’s Regiment of Foot

Active1647 to 1651
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsSecond Civil War
Third Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelJames Holborn
James Turner
Area RaisedScotland
Coat ColourGrey?
Flag ColourBlue
Flag DesignWhite saltire
Field ArmiesLeslie 1647
Hamilton 1648
Leslie 1650
Charles 1651

Also Colonel James Turner’s Regiment of Foot, and known as the Lowland Regiment

Covenanter regiment of foot serving at Preston, Dunbar and Worcester in the Second and Third Civil Wars

Service History

1647

  • January: Holborn commissioned Colonel
  • January: Raised out of remnants of Covenanter regiments then in Scotland
  • May to August: Campaign under Leslie against MacColla

1648

  • May: Holborn supports the Kirk party and is ousted in favour of Turner, an Engager, despite a mutiny by the regiment at Leith
  • May: Quartered in Paisley then Glasgow
  • June: March to Dumfries
  • June: Join Hamilton's army at Annan
  • Quarter near Appleby
  • July: Preston campaign
  • August: Battle of Preston
  • August: Skirmish at Wigan
  • August: Surrender to the New Model Army at Warrington
  • Winter: Holborn quarters men at Kilsyth (perhaps a nucleus of Kirk party supporters)

1649

  • February: 3 companies ordered to join Argyll to put down Pluscardine's rising
  • February: Holborn commissioned colonel to raise a regiment in Stirling and Clackmannan
  • March: At Stirling Castle, Holborn quells a mutiny with a month's pay from his own pocket
  • March: 1 company maintained as garrison of the castle, 3 quartered outside
  • June: Quartered at Stirling and in Linlithgowshire

1650

  • 3rd September: Battle of Dunbar
  • Garrison of Stirling

1651

  • May: Quartered at Stirling
  • 20th July: Battle of Inverkeithing ~646+ men

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

At the Battle of Preston Turner sent reinforcements to Langdale escorting gunpowder, these may well have been from his own regiment. The next day at Wigan Turner's men formed up against Scots cavalry, believing they were the English New Model Army. Turner led the horse to charge down his own foot regiment and was wounded.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

The regiment likely carried blue flags with white saltires with the inscription for Couenant Religion King and Kingdoms 1)

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1

James Holborn

Or Holburn, Major General. Supported the Kirk party so was removed from command at the beginning of 1648, led the newly-raised regiment in 1649-51.

James Turner

In command during the Preston campaign, wounded but escaped, later repented for supporting the Engagement and rejoined the Scots army.

Strength

  • January 1647: Established at 800
  • August 1648: 131 officers and men captured at Warrington
  • February 1649: 500 men to be levied
  • March 1649: 4 companies
  • July 1649: 380 men strong
  • August 1649: 375 more levies planned
  • September 1650: Estimated 300 losses at Dunbar
  • Winter 1650: 400 private soldiers and 24 sick, 1 captain, 14 sergeants, 3 scribes, a drum major, 20 corporals, and 6 drummers totalling 469 men
  • June 1651: 667 men
  • July 1651: 646 soldiers plus officers

See Also

1) Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1