Colonel James Campbell of Ardkinglas’s Regiment of Foot

Active1643 to 1649
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelJames Campbell
Area RaisedWestern Isles
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLeslie 1647

Scots Covenanter Highlanders, later regimented and forming part of the Scots New Model Army

Service History

1643

  • December: Campbell of Ardkinglas commissioned deputy lieutenant to Argyll in the Western Isles

1644

  • 600 men levied to oppose Irish raiding parties in the Western Isles
  • May: Campaign in Mull
  • May: Take Rathlin Island (supported by a frigate)
  • June: Pursue the MacDonalds to Islay and Jura
  • June: Ardkinglas raises 500 Campbells
  • Campaigning with Argyll
  • September: Join Argyll's campaign in north-eastern Scotland
  • From Aberdeen, march on Inverness, Badenoch and Atholl
  • November: Probably return west from Huntly via Speyside, Badenoch and Lochaber

1645

  • Winter: Ardkinglas raises a force of Campbell refugees in Argyll

1646

  • January: Siege of Loch Dochart Castle, previously seized by the MacNabs
  • January: Siege of Edinample Castle, Loch Earn
  • Joined by men of Clan Menzies and Stewarts of Balquhidder
  • February: Skirmish at Callendar, Ardkinglas' force routed
  • Retire to Stirling, Renfrewshire, then Lennox
  • April?: Raise siege of Skipness Castle, killing MacColla's brother Archibald MacDonald (Siege ends in August?)
  • Quartered in Ayrshire
  • May: Land at Cowal
  • May to June: Besiege Toward and Ascog Castles
  • June: Massacre the Lamonts at Dunoon churchyard

1647

1648

  • April: Detachment ordered to attack Clanranald in the Western Isles
  • June: Support the Kirk Party
  • Remain in quarters

1649

  • Last mention of the unit, at Dunblane

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Ardkinglas' unit initially consisted of Campbell Highlanders and were probably more of a warband than a regiment. They were more formally regimented during 1646. Like Argyll's Highland regiment it also incorporated a large number of refugees.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

James Campbell of Ardkinglas

Strength

  • Early 1644: 600 men levied
  • June 1644: 500 men levied
  • September 1644: 800 men
  • February 1646: 1200 with the Menzies and Stewarts
  • January 1647: 1500 men

See Also