Colonel George Monro’s Regiment of Foot

Active1642 to 1650
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
Parliamentarian
Royalist
ConflictsIrish Confederate War
TypeFoot
ColonelEarl of Leven
George Monro
Montgomery of Ards
Area RaisedEast Scotland
Edinburgh
Sutherland
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesMonro 1642-6

Also the Earl of Leven's Regiment of Foot for Service in Ireland, later commanded by Montgomery of Ards

Covenanter regiment of foot serving in Ireland from 1642, based at Coleraine

Service History

1642

  • March: Raised for the Earl of Leven for service in Ireland
  • May: Arrive at Carrickfergus in Ulster
  • May: Raid around Lough Beg and the Apperly Hills (Monro & 2 companies)
  • May to Autumn: Garrison of Coleraine and Dunluce Castle (Monro & 2 companies)
  • August: Leven's Tyrone campaign
  • Leven's County Down campaign
  • Leven departs for Scotland
  • October to September 1648: Garrison of Coleraine

1643

  • Garrison of Coleraine

1644

  • April: Lt Col George Monro promoted to Colonel
  • July: Monro's Leinster campaign
  • July: Repulsed from Newry?
  • August to September: Siege of Charlemont?
  • October: Return to Coleraine

1645

  • Garrison of Coleraine
  • 200 men detached to Home of Heugh's composite battalion for service in Scotland

1646

  • June: Garrison of Coleraine with detachment serving on the Benburb campaign1)
  • June: Detached from the main army they skirmish at Dungannon, missing the Battle of Benburb

1647

  • Garrison of Coleraine

1648

  • Col. George Monro takes about 200 men of the regiment for service in Britain with the Engagers, leaving the remainder of the regiment in Ulster
  • Monro's force shipped to Scotland consists of around 1500 foot from 6 regiments and 400 horse in 12 troops
  • Monro refuses service under Callendar or Baillie and is assigned to escort the artillery
  • August: Monro unites the Ulster forces with 1500 English Royalist foot under Tyldesley & Musgrave at Kirkby Lonsdale
  • August: Monro advances to Appleby then after hearing news of Preston retreats via Kirkby Lonsdale, Berwick and Linlithgow to Stirling
  • September: At the 'battle' of Stirling, Monro's troops fail to support his opposition to the Whiggamores
  • September: Monro agrees to return to Ulster, his force dissolves rather than do so
  • September: Monck captures the remainder of the regiment at Coleraine
  • Monck employs the regiment in Ulster under Lord Montgomery of Ards after they reject Colonel Edward Conway

1649

  • May: George Monro re-takes Coleraine from his old regiment on behalf of Ormond
  • Montgomery of Ards joins Monro
  • August: Siege of Londonderry
  • Return to garrison Coleraine

1650

  • March: Besieged at Coleraine by Venables

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

The regiment was raised for Leven, but as he spent only three months in Ireland, command passed to its Lieutenant Colonel, George Monro, nephew of Robert Monro. The regiment had a complex history, serving first the Covenanters, secondly the Engagers, third the English Parliament and fourth the Ulster Royalists.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Earl of Leven

George Monro

Lord Montgomery of Ards

Strength

  • May 1642: 995 officers & men
  • October 1642: 982 officers & men with 48 sick
  • February 1643: 1012 officer & men
  • 1646: 9 companies2)
  • 1648: Monro's expeditionary force estimated at 1500 foot from 6 regiments and 400 horse in 12 troops
  • August 1648 (28th): Monro quarters 1099 foot and 362 horse at Campsie and Monyabroch

See Also

1) , 2) The Battle of Benburb 1646. Clive Hollick, Mercier Press, 2011. ISBN 978 1 85635 670 1.