Earl of Loudon’s Regiment of Foot

Active1639
1640 to 1641
1643 to 1647
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Bishops' War
Second Bishops' War
First Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelEarl of Loudon
Area RaisedAyrshire
Glasgow
Lanarkshire
Coat ColourGrey
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLeslie 1639
Leslie 1640
Leven 1643-4
Hurry 1645
Baillie 1645

Covenanter Regiment of Foot of the Bishops' and Civil Wars, forming part of Leven’s army, then returning to Scotland to oppose Montrose

Also known as the Chancellor's Regiment

Service History

1639

  • Raised in Ayrshire
  • Join Leslie’s army at Duns Law
  • June: Standoff at Duns Law
  • June: Disbanded following the Treaty of Birks

1640

  • Raised anew in Ayrshire and Lanarkshire
  • Join Leslies' army at Duns
  • August: Battle of Newburn Ford
  • August: to August 1641: Occupy Newcastle

1641

  • August: Return to Scotland and disbanded after the Treaty of London

1643

  • August: Raised anew in Glasgow

1644

  • January: Enter England
  • March: Battle of Hylton
  • April to July: Siege of York
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • July: Siege of York
  • August to October: Siege of Newcastle

1645

  • March: Return to Scotland though 2 companies remain in England until 1647
  • March: Join Baillie near Brechin
  • April: At Perth, then join Hurry at Aberdeen
  • May: Battle of Auldearn
  • August: Battle of Kilsyth

1646

  • December: Levying men in Ayrshire

1647

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

The regiment was one of the three responsible for the Scots victory at Newburn Ford in August 1640.

After two heavy defeats at Auldearn and Kilsyth the Chancellor's regiment was nearly destroyed, reduced to 2 companies.

In 1648 Loudon and Eglinton jointly raised 6000 men for the Whiggamore raid, see the Earl of Eglinton’s Whiggamores.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Earl of Loudon

Strength

  • Loudon led 1200 horse and foot at Duns Law in 1639
  • 1640: 1200 men
  • 1643: 10 companies raised
  • January 1645: 895 officers & men
  • April 1645: 800 officers & men
  • April 1645: 5-700 men at Aberdeen
  • Estimated 100 men at Kilsyth
  • Could form only two companies after Kilsyth

See Also

Loudon's Regiment are re-enacted by the Earl of Loudoun's Regiment of Foote of the English Civil War Society.