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covenanter:foot-regiments:earl-of-lothian-for-service-in-ireland [27/06/2014 18:05]
tim
covenanter:foot-regiments:earl-of-lothian-for-service-in-ireland [16/01/2015 18:47] (current)
tim
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 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
 |**Active**|1640 to 1641| |**Active**|1640 to 1641|
-| |1642 to 1645|+| |1642 to 1647|
 |**Country**|Scotland| |**Country**|Scotland|
 |**Allegiance**|Covenanter| |**Allegiance**|Covenanter|
Line 16: Line 16:
 |**Flag Design**|unknown|  |**Flag Design**|unknown|
 |**Field Armies**|Leven 1640| |**Field Armies**|Leven 1640|
 +| |Leven 1642|
 | |Monro 1642-4| | |Monro 1642-4|
 +| |Argyll 1644|
 +| |Urry 1645|
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
Line 32: Line 35:
  
 ====1642==== ====1642====
-  *Raised ​anew for service in Ireland +  *March 1642: Lothian commissioned Colonel and the regiment raised ​anew for service in Ireland 
-  *Sent to Ireland+  *Sent to Ulster 
 +  *September: Campaign under Leven
  
 ====1643==== ====1643====
-  *Serving in Ireland+  *Serving in Ireland, likely campaigning with Monro 
 ====1644==== ====1644====
-  *Return to Scotland +  *February: ​Return to Scotland 
-  *Offer to betray Stirling Castle ​to the Royalists comes to naught+  *February: 3 companies in Renfrew, Govan and Pollock, 2 in Paisley 
 +  *March via Glasgow & Heiton to Selkirk 
 +  *Offer to defect ​to the Royalists comes to naught 
 +  *Sack Kincardine Castle 
 +  *April: Join Argyll'​s army at Dunottar Castle 
 +  *May: March via Aberdeen to sack Drum Castle 
 +  *May: Quarter in Turriff, Banff, Auchindoun, Drum 
 +  *June: Bribed to refrain from sacking Aberdeen 
 +  *July: Quartered in Roxburghshire 
 +  *August: At Linlithgow 
 +  *September: At Perth, Stirling, Aberdeen 
 +  *October: at Kintore & Inverurie
   *October: Battle of Fyvie   *October: Battle of Fyvie
 +  *November to March 1645: Quartered in Aberdeen
  
 ====1645==== ====1645====
-  *9th May: Battle of Auldearn ​- //400 men// +  ​*March: At Brechin 
-  *Sent to England to join [[covenanter:​foot-regiments:​earl-of-lothian-for-service-in-england|Earl of Lothian’s Regiment of Foot for Service in England]] +  *April: Return to Aberdeen under Urry 
-  *July to SeptemberSiege of Hereford+  *May: March to Inverness 
 +  ​*9th May: Battle of Auldearn  
 +  *May: Retreat to Inverness 
 +  *Likely sent to England to join the [[covenanter:​foot-regiments:​earl-of-lothian-for-service-in-england|Earl of Lothian’s Regiment of Foot for Service in England]] 
 +  *December: One company in garrison at Home Castle, Berwickshire 
 + 
 +====1646==== 
 +  *January: Home Castle garrison moves to Berwick 
 + 
 +====1647==== 
 +  *At Peebles 
 +  *MarchProposed to return to Ulster, but disbanded instead
  
 =====Notes===== =====Notes=====
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 Each company of the 1640 regiment had its own piper instead of a drummer. The regiment also had one fiddler but he was of little use, being an alcoholic. ​ Each company of the 1640 regiment had its own piper instead of a drummer. The regiment also had one fiddler but he was of little use, being an alcoholic. ​
 +
 +The regiment served in Ulster then returned to Scotland in 1644, fighting at Fyvie. In 1645 they suffered heavily in the defeat at Auldearn and were considered '​broken'​. Subsequently they may have been used to reinforce Lothian'​s other regiment in England, while a remnant remained in the Borders. In 1647 the regiment were due to be sent back to Ulster but the Ulster army declined reinforcement due to lack of resources, so they were disbanded. ​
 +
 =====Coats, Flags & Equipment===== =====Coats, Flags & Equipment=====
  
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 ====Earl of Lothian==== ====Earl of Lothian====
-====Captain William Douglas==== +[[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​William_Kerr,​_1st_Earl_of_Lothian|William Kerr, 1st Earl of Lothian]] 
-Killed at Auldearn +====Walter Scott==== 
-====Captain Alexander Drummond==== +Lieutenant Colonel, led the regiment in Ulster in Lothian'​s absence 
-Killed at Auldearn + 
-====Captain Gideon Murray==== +====Officer List==== 
-Killed at Auldearn + 
-====Captain Sir John Murray==== +  *Captain William Douglas (Killed at Auldearn) 
-Killed at Auldearn+  ​*Captain Alexander Drummond (Killed at Auldearn) 
 +  *Captain Gideon Murray ​(Killed at Auldearn) 
 +  *Captain Sir John Murray ​(Killed at Auldearn)
  
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
   *1640: 1200 men in 10 or 12 companies   *1640: 1200 men in 10 or 12 companies
 +  *August 1642: 897 officers & men
 +  *November 1642: 902 officers & men with 34 sick
 +  *February 1644: 500 estimated
 +  *July 1644: 700 men
 +  *Winter 1644: 776 officers & men
 +  *April 1645: 750 men
 =====See Also====== =====See Also======
  
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====