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Earl of Lothian’s Regiment of Foot for service in Ireland

Active1640 to 1641
1642 to 1645
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsSecond Bishops’ War
Irish Confederate War
First Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelEarl of Lothian
Area RaisedTeviotdale
Coat ColourGrey?
Flag Colourunknown
Flag Designunknown
Field ArmiesLeven 1640
Monro 1642-4

Scots Covenanter regiment of foot serving in the Second Bishops' War, in Ireland then returning to Scotland during the First Civil War

Service History

1640

  • Raised in Teviotdale
  • July: March from Jedburgh
  • August to August 1641: Occupy Newcastle

1641

  • August: Return to Scotland and disbanded after the Treaty of London

1642

  • Raised anew for service in Ireland
  • Sent to Ireland

1643

  • Serving in Ireland

1644

  • Return to Scotland
  • Offer to betray Stirling Castle to the Royalists comes to naught
  • October: Battle of Fyvie

1645

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Each company of the 1640 regiment had its own piper instead of a drummer. The regiment also had one fiddler but he was of little use, being an alcoholic.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Earl of Lothian

Captain William Douglas

Killed at Auldearn

Captain Alexander Drummond

Killed at Auldearn

Captain Gideon Murray

Killed at Auldearn

Captain Sir John Murray

Killed at Auldearn

Strength

  • 1640: 1200 men in 10 or 12 companies

See Also