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covenanter:foot-regiments:earl-of-lothian-for-service-in-ireland [15/01/2012 22:41] external edit
covenanter:foot-regiments:earl-of-lothian-for-service-in-ireland [16/01/2015 18:47] (current)
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 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
-|**Active**|1640-1645 |+|**Active**|1640 ​to 1641| 
 +| |1642 to 1647|
 |**Country**|Scotland| |**Country**|Scotland|
 |**Allegiance**|Covenanter| |**Allegiance**|Covenanter|
 |**Conflicts**|Second Bishops’ War| |**Conflicts**|Second Bishops’ War|
 +| |Irish Confederate War|
 | |First Civil War| | |First Civil War|
 |**Type**|Foot|  |**Type**|Foot|
-|**Colonel**|Lothian|  +|**Colonel**|Earl of Lothian|  
-|**Area Raised**|Scotland+|**Area Raised**|Teviotdale
-| |Grey?| +|**Coat Colour**|Grey?|
 |**Flag Colour**|unknown|  |**Flag Colour**|unknown|
 |**Flag Design**|unknown|  |**Flag Design**|unknown|
-|**Field Armies**|Leven 1640?+|**Field Armies**|Leven 1640
-| |Monro 1642-5|+| |Leven 1642
 +| |Monro 1642-4| 
 +| |Argyll 1644| 
 +| |Urry 1645|
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
-// Scots Covenanter regiment of foot serving in Ireland then returning to Scotland during the First Civil War//+// Scots Covenanter regiment of foot serving ​in the Second Bishops'​ War, in Ireland then returning to Scotland during the First Civil War//
 ===== Service History ===== ===== Service History =====
 ====1640==== ====1640====
-  *August: ​Battle ​of Newburn Ford?+  ​*Raised in Teviotdale 
 +  *July: March from Jedburgh 
 +  *August to August 1641: Occupy Newcastle 
 +  ​*August: ​Return to Scotland and disbanded after the Treaty ​of London
 ====1642==== ====1642====
-  *Sent to Ireland+  ​*March 1642: Lothian commissioned Colonel and the regiment raised anew for service in Ireland 
 +  ​*Sent to Ulster 
 +  *September: Campaign under Leven 
 +  *Serving in Ireland, likely campaigning with Monro
 ====1644==== ====1644====
 +  *February: Return to Scotland
 +  *February: 3 companies in Renfrew, Govan and Pollock, 2 in Paisley
 +  *March via Glasgow & Heiton to Selkirk
 +  *Offer to defect to the Royalists comes to naught
 +  *Sack Kincardine Castle
 +  *April: Join Argyll'​s army at Dunottar Castle
 +  *May: March via Aberdeen to sack Drum Castle
 +  *May: Quarter in Turriff, Banff, Auchindoun, Drum
 +  *June: Bribed to refrain from sacking Aberdeen
 +  *July: Quartered in Roxburghshire
 +  *August: At Linlithgow
 +  *September: At Perth, Stirling, Aberdeen
 +  *October: at Kintore & Inverurie
   *October: Battle of Fyvie   *October: Battle of Fyvie
 +  *November to March 1645: Quartered in Aberdeen
 ====1645==== ====1645====
-  *May: Battle of Auldearn +  ​*March: At Brechin 
-  *July to SeptemberSiege of Hereford+  *April: Return to Aberdeen under Urry 
 +  ​*May: March to Inverness 
 +  *9th May: Battle of Auldearn  
 +  *May: Retreat ​to Inverness 
 +  *Likely sent to England to join the [[covenanter:foot-regiments:​earl-of-lothian-for-service-in-england|Earl of Lothian’s Regiment of Foot for Service in England]] 
 +  *December: One company in garrison at Home Castle, Berwickshire 
 +  *January: Home Castle garrison moves to Berwick 
 +  *At Peebles 
 +  *March: Proposed to return to Ulster, but disbanded instead
 =====Notes===== =====Notes=====
 +A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s //A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651// Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0
-===== Flags=====+Each company of the 1640 regiment had its own piper instead of a drummer. The regiment also had one fiddler but he was of little use, being an alcoholic.  
 +The regiment served in Ulster then returned to Scotland in 1644, fighting at Fyvie. In 1645 they suffered heavily in the defeat at Auldearn and were considered '​broken'​. Subsequently they may have been used to reinforce Lothian'​s other regiment in England, while a remnant remained in the Borders. In 1647 the regiment were due to be sent back to Ulster but the Ulster army declined reinforcement due to lack of resources, so they were disbanded.  
 +=====Coats, ​Flags & Equipment=====
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
 +A list of the regiment'​s officers is shown in Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651// Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550 ​
 ====Earl of Lothian==== ====Earl of Lothian====
 +[[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​William_Kerr,​_1st_Earl_of_Lothian|William Kerr, 1st Earl of Lothian]]
 +====Walter Scott====
 +Lieutenant Colonel, led the regiment in Ulster in Lothian'​s absence
-=====Strength=====+====Officer List====
 +  *Captain William Douglas (Killed at Auldearn)
 +  *Captain Alexander Drummond (Killed at Auldearn)
 +  *Captain Gideon Murray (Killed at Auldearn)
 +  *Captain Sir John Murray (Killed at Auldearn)
 +  *1640: 1200 men in 10 or 12 companies
 +  *August 1642: 897 officers & men
 +  *November 1642: 902 officers & men with 34 sick
 +  *February 1644: 500 estimated
 +  *July 1644: 700 men
 +  *Winter 1644: 776 officers & men
 +  *April 1645: 750 men
 =====See Also====== =====See Also======
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====