Earl of Lanark’s Regiment of Foot

Active1644 to 1645
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelEarl of Lanark
Area Raised
Coat ColourGrey
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesCallendar 1644
Baillie 1645

Covenanter Regiment of Foot serving on the Borders with Callendar then returning to Scotland in 1645

Service History

1644

  • April: Lanark commissioned colonel
  • May: Raised in Kirkcudbrightshire and Lanarkshire
  • June: Enter England in Callendar's army
  • July: Taking of Hartlepool?
  • Garrison of Hartlepool
  • August: Siege of Newcastle (appear to have departed prior to the storm in November)

1645

  • February: Return to Scotland
  • February: 200 men mounted as dragoons
  • July: Battle of Alford

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Appear to have been destroyed at or disbanded after Alford.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets. In April 1644 the regiment was issued 1000 muskets, 500 pikes and 200 swords.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Earl of Lanark

William Hamilton, Earl of Lanark, then 2nd Duke of Hamilton was brother of the 1st Duke who had led the engagers at Preston. He inherited the Dukedom in 1649 after his brother's execution. Leading his cavalry regiment at Worcester, he died of wounds received at the battle.

Strength

See Also