Earl of Glencairn’s Regiment of Foot for Service in Ireland

Active1642 to 1649
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
Parliamentarian
ConflictsIrish Confederate War
TypeFoot
ColonelEarl of Glencairn
Area Raised
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesMonro

Scots Covenanter regiment of foot of Monro’s army fighting at Benburb

Service History

1642

  • March: Glencairn commissioned to raise the regiment for service in Ulster
  • May: Reach Ulster
  • May: 2 companies serve on Monro's River Bann campaign
  • Garrison of Carrickfergus

1643

  • August to September: Siege of Charlemont
  • September: Return to Carrickfergus

1644

  • June: Join Monro for his Leinster campaign

1645

1646

  • June: Skirmish at Ballaghkillgevill
  • June: Battle of Benburb

1647

1648

  • Despite Glencairn's enthusiasm, the regiment refuses to detach men to aid the Engagers in England
  • September: Admit Monck's forces to Carrickfergus

1649

  • Remnants persist as Parliamentarian garrison of Carrickfergus under Cochrane
  • July: Besieged at Carrickfergus by the Royalists
  • August: Regiment likely finally disbanded, Cochrane returns to Scotland

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Coats, Flags & Equipment

Home's composite battalion of detachments wore red coats, suggesting that the Covenanters in Ulster may have been generally red-coated by 1645.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Earl of Glencairn

William Cunningham, 9th Earl of Glencairn was by sympathy a Royalist, leading a Royalist Highland insurrection in 1653, Glencairn's Rising. He spent little time with the regiment, remaining in Scotland.

William Cunningham

Lieutenant Colonel, leading the regiment in Ulster.

Strength

  • May to June 1642: 1018 (909 men and 109 officers) in 10 companies
  • September 1642: 988 men and officers, 75 sick

See Also