Earl of Eglinton’s Regiment of Foot

Active1639
1642 to 1648
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Bishops' War
Irish Confederate War
TypeFoot
ColonelEarl of Eglinton
James Montgomery
Area RaisedAyrshire
Coat ColourRed??
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLeslie 1639
Monro 1642-8

Later Colonel James Montgomery’s Regiment of Foot

Scots Covenanter regiment of foot of the Bishops' Wars, then of Monro’s army fighting in Ireland

Service History

1639

  • Raised in Ayrshire
  • Defence of Galloway and Ayrshire in case of Irish invasion
  • Travel to Duns Law via Leith
  • June: Standoff at Dun’s Law
  • June: Disbanded following the Treaty of Birks

1642

  • March: Eglinton commissioned to raise the regiment anew for service in Ulster
  • May: Reach Ulster
  • August: Eglinton leads the regiment in Ulster
  • Probably serving on Monro's campaigns
  • September: Quartered at Bangor
  • November: Eglinton departs to Scotland

1643

  • April: Raid on Clandeboy's Woods

1644

  • March: Montgomery replaces Eglinton as Colonel
  • June: Rendezvous with Monro at Lisnagarvey

1645

1646

  • June: Battle of Benburb

1647

1648

  • 200 men detached to George Monro's force for service in England
  • September: Remains of the regiment disband with the Ulster Army

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Coats, Flags & Equipment

On reaching Scotland in 1645 Home's composite regiment had red coats, it is possible that the Ulster army regiments who supplied the men were also red-coated by this stage.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Earl of Eglinton

James Montgomery

Colin Pitscottie

Lieutenant Colonel in Ireland, returning to Scotland to serve as Lt Col of the Earl of Lauderdale’s Regiment of Foot.

Strength

  • 1639: 1000 foot
  • May to June 1642: 1006 men and 110 officers in 10 companies
  • September 1642: 1062 men and officers, of which 62 sick

See Also