Earl of Dunfermline’s Regiment of Foot

Active1639
1640 to 1641
1643 to 1645
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Bishops' War
Second Bishops' War
First Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelEarl of Dunfermline
Area RaisedFife
Kirkcaldy
Dunfermline
Coat ColourGrey
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesMontrose 1639
Leslie 1640-41
Leven 1643-4
Leslie 1645
Leven 1646

Covenanter Regiment of Foot raised for service in the Bishops' and First Civil Wars serving in England, forming part of Leven’s army

Service History

1639

  • Raised in Fife
  • May: Occupy Aberdeen
  • June: Garrison Fife?

1640

  • Raised in Fife
  • Join Leslie’s army at Duns
  • August: Occupy Newcastle
  • August to August 1641: Occupy Durham

1641

  • August: Return to Scotland and disbanded at Fife after the Treaty of London

1643

  • August to December: Raised anew in Kirkcaldy and Dunfermline

1644

  • March: Battle of Hylton
  • April to July: Siege of York
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • July: Siege of York
  • July to October: Siege of Newcastle
  • October to July 1645: Siege of Carlisle

1645

  • July: Take Carlisle
  • August: 57 commanded men sent to Carlisle
  • September: Maj Finnie leads 228 man detachment to Scotland

1646

  • March to May: Siege of Newark
  • May: Quartered in County Durham

1647

  • February: Return to Scotland and disbanded

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194

Brigaded with Colonel William Douglas of Kilhead’s Regiment of Foot in Leven's army of 1644.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Earl of Dunfermline

Charles Seton, 2nd Earl Dunfermline was governor of Durham from 1640 to 1641.

Strength

  • 1643: 10 companies
  • December 1644: 862 men
  • March 1645: 673 men
  • June 1645: 632 officers & men
  • July 1645: 730 officers & men
  • August 1645: 550 officers & men plus detachments
  • November 1645: 500 officers & men
  • January 1646: 656 officers & men
  • February 1646: 719 officers & men
  • March 1646: 548 officers & men

See Also