Earl of Crawford-Lindsay’s Regiment of Foot

Active1643-1645
1651
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Third Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelEarl of Crawford-Lindsay
Area RaisedFife
Coat ColourGrey?
Flag ColourYellow
Flag DesignBlue saltire
Field ArmiesLeven 1644

Scots Covenanter regiment of foot serving in the First Civil War in England, then in Scotland

Service History

1643

  • Raised in Fife

1644

  • February: Skirmish at Shieldfield Fort
  • March: Battle of Hylton
  • April to July: Siege of York
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • July: Siege of York
  • July to September: Siege of Newcastle
  • September: Return to Scotland, based at Perth
  • November: March to Dundee
  • December: Return to Perth

1645

  • March: Join Baillie's army
  • April: Relieve Dundee
  • May: Quartered at Newtyle
  • June: Raid Atholl?
  • August: Assigned Fife recruits
  • 15th August: Destroyed at the Battle of Kilsyth

1650

  • December: Crawford-Lindsay commissioned colonel of Fife foot

1651

  • Quartered in Fife
  • May: March to Stirling to join the field army
  • August: Remain in Scotland
  • August: Crawford-Lindsay captured at Alyth

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Lindsay had previously raised regiments for the Bishops’ Wars and the expedition to Ulster. The unit in Ulster was still serving with Monro's army. The regiment was broken at Kilsyth, losing all officers apart from the Colonel and Major Murray, and never reformed during the First Civil War.

The 1651 unit joined the field army at Stirling but does not appear to have served on the Worcester campaign.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets. They carried blue flags with a yellow saltire in 16441).

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Earl of Crawford-Lindsay

John Lindsay, 1st Earl of Lindsay and declared 17th Earl of Crawford by Parliament, replacing Ludovic Lindsay 16th Earl of Crawford after Ludovic was implicated in 'the incident'. Ludovic fought for the King as the Earl of Crawford.

Officer list

  • Captain-Lieutenant Patrick English

Strength

  • 1643: Established at 10 companies
  • February 1651: allegedly 1500 foot
  • June 1651: 1011 men
  • July 1651: 1123 men
  • July 1651: 1045 men

See Also

1) Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988