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covenanter:foot-regiments:earl-of-buccleugh [28/06/2014 19:38]
tim
covenanter:foot-regiments:earl-of-buccleugh [29/06/2016 21:59] (current)
tim
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 |**Flag Design**|yellow/​white saltire|  |**Flag Design**|yellow/​white saltire|
 |**Field Armies**|Leven 1643-5| |**Field Armies**|Leven 1643-5|
 +| |Leslie 1647?|
 | |Hamilton 1648| | |Hamilton 1648|
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
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 ====1643==== ====1643====
-  *Raised ​+  *August Buccleugh commissioned colonel, raised in Tweeddale
  
 ====1644==== ====1644====
 +  *January: Join Leven
 +  *March: Battle of Hylton
   *April to July: Siege of York   *April to July: Siege of York
   *2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor   *2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor
   *July: Siege of York   *July: Siege of York
-  *July to October: Siege of Newcastle+  *July: Quartered in Yorkshire 
 +  *August ​to October: Siege of Newcastle
  
 ====1645==== ====1645====
 +  *Taken over by Scott
   *July to September: Siege of Hereford   *July to September: Siege of Hereford
 +  *Quartered in Yorkshire 
 +  *November to May 1646: Siege of Newark
 ====1646==== ====1646====
 +  *May: Taking of Newark 
 +  *September: Quartered in Northumberland
 ====1647==== ====1647====
-  *Form part of the Scots New Model Army +  *January: Walter Scott commissioned Colonel, his regiment form part of the Scots New Model Army, reinforced by other regiments returning from England 
-  *Taken over by Baillie +  *Spring: Serve under Leslie in the northeast?
 ====1648==== ====1648====
 +  *Spring: The regiment accused of plundering Kirkcudbright
 +  *May: Scott opposes the Engagers and leaves for the Continent, the regiment is taken over by Baillie
   *July: Preston campaign (det)   *July: Preston campaign (det)
-  *August: Winwick Pass +  *August: ​Battle of Winwick Pass 
-  *August: Surrender to the New Model Army at Winwick and Warrington+  *August: Surrender to the New Model Army at Warrington
  
 =====Notes==== =====Notes====
 +A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s //A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651// Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0
 =====Coats, Flags & Equipment===== =====Coats, Flags & Equipment=====
 The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets. Reid has identified the regiment'​s flags under Baillie at Preston as having a blue field with a half yellow (sinister) and half white (dexter) saltire with in the centre a green wreath enclosing a red star. Companies seem to have been distinguished by the number of stars as flags with 3 and 5 were also captured. The inscription reads //Couenant for Religion King and Kingdoms//​((Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours// Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1)) The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets. Reid has identified the regiment'​s flags under Baillie at Preston as having a blue field with a half yellow (sinister) and half white (dexter) saltire with in the centre a green wreath enclosing a red star. Companies seem to have been distinguished by the number of stars as flags with 3 and 5 were also captured. The inscription reads //Couenant for Religion King and Kingdoms//​((Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours// Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1))
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 [[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​william-baillie|William Baillie]] took over the regiment in 1648 when Lieutenant General. [[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​william-baillie|William Baillie]] took over the regiment in 1648 when Lieutenant General.
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
 +  *January 1644: 1200 men
 +  *December 1645: 358 men
 +  *February 1646: 301 men
 +  *April 1646: 358 men
 +  *February 1647: 800 men in 6 companies
 +  *August 1648: 128 officers and men surrender at Warrington
 +
 =====See Also======  =====See Also======
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====