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covenanter:foot-regiments:earl-of-buccleugh [19/02/2014 16:13]
borderreiver
covenanter:foot-regiments:earl-of-buccleugh [29/06/2016 21:59] (current)
tim
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 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
-|**Active**|1643 to 1645|+|**Active**|1643 to 1648|
 |**Country**|Scotland| |**Country**|Scotland|
 |**Allegiance**|Covenanter| |**Allegiance**|Covenanter|
Line 13: Line 13:
 |**Area Raised**|Tweeddale|  |**Area Raised**|Tweeddale|
 |**Coat Colour**|Grey| |**Coat Colour**|Grey|
-|**Flag Colour**||  +|**Flag Colour**|Blue|  
-|**Flag Design**|| +|**Flag Design**|yellow/​white saltire|
 |**Field Armies**|Leven 1643-5| |**Field Armies**|Leven 1643-5|
 +| |Leslie 1647?|
 +| |Hamilton 1648|
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
 **Later Colonel Walter Scott’s, then Colonel William Baillie’s Regiment of Foot** **Later Colonel Walter Scott’s, then Colonel William Baillie’s Regiment of Foot**
  
-//​Covenanter Regiment of Foot raised for service in England, forming part of Leven’s army//+//​Covenanter Regiment of Foot raised for service in England, forming part of Leven’s army, subsequently continuing as part of the Scots New Model Army and fighting at Preston//
   
 ===== Service History ===== ===== Service History =====
  
 ====1643==== ====1643====
-  *Raised ​+  *August Buccleugh commissioned colonel, raised in Tweeddale
  
 ====1644==== ====1644====
 +  *January: Join Leven
 +  *March: Battle of Hylton
   *April to July: Siege of York   *April to July: Siege of York
   *2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor   *2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor
   *July: Siege of York   *July: Siege of York
-  *July to October: Siege of Newcastle+  *July: Quartered in Yorkshire 
 +  *August ​to October: Siege of Newcastle
  
 ====1645==== ====1645====
 +  *Taken over by Scott
   *July to September: Siege of Hereford   *July to September: Siege of Hereford
 +  *Quartered in Yorkshire
 +  *November to May 1646: Siege of Newark
 +====1646====
 +  *May: Taking of Newark
 +  *September: Quartered in Northumberland
 +====1647====
 +  *January: Walter Scott commissioned Colonel, his regiment form part of the Scots New Model Army, reinforced by other regiments returning from England
 +  *Spring: Serve under Leslie in the northeast?
 +====1648====
 +  *Spring: The regiment accused of plundering Kirkcudbright
 +  *May: Scott opposes the Engagers and leaves for the Continent, the regiment is taken over by Baillie
 +  *July: Preston campaign (det)
 +  *August: Battle of Winwick Pass
 +  *August: Surrender to the New Model Army at Warrington
  
 =====Notes==== =====Notes====
-=====Coats ​and Flags=====+A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s //A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651// Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0 
 +=====CoatsFlags & Equipment===== 
 +The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets. Reid has identified the regiment'​s flags under Baillie at Preston as having a blue field with a half yellow (sinister) and half white (dexter) saltire with in the centre a green wreath enclosing a red star. Companies seem to have been distinguished by the number of stars as flags with 3 and 5 were also captured. The inscription reads //Couenant for Religion King and Kingdoms//​((Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours// Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1))
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
 +Lists of the regiment'​s officers are shown in Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651// Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550 and in Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours// Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1
 +
 ====Earl of Buccleugh==== ====Earl of Buccleugh====
 +[[http://​en.m.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Francis_Scott,​_2nd_Earl_of_Buccleuch|Francis Scott, 2nd Earl of Buccleuch]]
 ====Col Walter Scott==== ====Col Walter Scott====
 +Took over the regiment in 1645
 ====Col William Baillie==== ====Col William Baillie====
-[[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​william-baillie|William Baillie]]+[[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​william-baillie|William Baillie]] ​took over the regiment in 1648 when Lieutenant General.
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
 +  *January 1644: 1200 men
 +  *December 1645: 358 men
 +  *February 1646: 301 men
 +  *April 1646: 358 men
 +  *February 1647: 800 men in 6 companies
 +  *August 1648: 128 officers and men surrender at Warrington
 +
 =====See Also======  =====See Also======
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====