Earl of Buccleugh’s Regiment of Foot

Active1643 to 1648
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Second Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelEarl of Buccleugh
Walter Scott
William Baillie
Area RaisedTweeddale
Coat ColourGrey
Flag ColourBlue
Flag Designyellow/white saltire
Field ArmiesLeven 1643-5
Leslie 1647?
Hamilton 1648

Later Colonel Walter Scott’s, then Colonel William Baillie’s Regiment of Foot

Covenanter Regiment of Foot raised for service in England, forming part of Leven’s army, subsequently continuing as part of the Scots New Model Army and fighting at Preston

Service History

1643

  • August Buccleugh commissioned colonel, raised in Tweeddale

1644

  • January: Join Leven
  • March: Battle of Hylton
  • April to July: Siege of York
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • July: Siege of York
  • July: Quartered in Yorkshire
  • August to October: Siege of Newcastle

1645

  • Taken over by Scott
  • July to September: Siege of Hereford
  • Quartered in Yorkshire
  • November to May 1646: Siege of Newark

1646

  • May: Taking of Newark
  • September: Quartered in Northumberland

1647

  • January: Walter Scott commissioned Colonel, his regiment form part of the Scots New Model Army, reinforced by other regiments returning from England
  • Spring: Serve under Leslie in the northeast?

1648

  • Spring: The regiment accused of plundering Kirkcudbright
  • May: Scott opposes the Engagers and leaves for the Continent, the regiment is taken over by Baillie
  • July: Preston campaign (det)
  • August: Battle of Winwick Pass
  • August: Surrender to the New Model Army at Warrington

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Coats, Flags & Equipment

The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets. Reid has identified the regiment's flags under Baillie at Preston as having a blue field with a half yellow (sinister) and half white (dexter) saltire with in the centre a green wreath enclosing a red star. Companies seem to have been distinguished by the number of stars as flags with 3 and 5 were also captured. The inscription reads Couenant for Religion King and Kingdoms1)

Notable Officers

Lists of the regiment's officers are shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550 and in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1

Earl of Buccleugh

Col Walter Scott

Took over the regiment in 1645

Col William Baillie

William Baillie took over the regiment in 1648 when Lieutenant General.

Strength

  • January 1644: 1200 men
  • December 1645: 358 men
  • February 1646: 301 men
  • April 1646: 358 men
  • February 1647: 800 men in 6 companies
  • August 1648: 128 officers and men surrender at Warrington

See Also

1) Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1