Earl Marischal’s Regiment of Foot

ConflictsFirst Bishops’ War
Second Bishops’ War
First Civil War
ColonelEarl Marischal
Area RaisedKincardineshire
The Mearns
Coat ColourGrey?
Flag Colourunknown
Flag Designunknown
Field ArmiesCovenant 1639
Covenant 1640
Leven 1644-46

Scots Covenanter Foot regiment serving in the First and Second Bishops’ War in Scotland then raised again for the First Civil War where they served in England

Service History


  • Raised in Kincardineshire
  • March: Occupation of Aberdeen
  • April: Occupation of Aberdeen
  • May: Occupation of Aberdeen
  • June: Battle of Megray Hill
  • June: Skirmish at Brig O’ Dee
  • June: Occupation of Aberdeen
  • June: Disband after the Treaty of Birks


  • May to June: Occupation of Aberdeen
  • June: Disband
  • July: Marischal commissioned to raise a new regiment of foot
  • August: March south
  • September: Ordered to join Leslie in England


  • Return to Scotland and disbanded after the Treaty of London


  • August: Re-raised in Aberdeenshire and the Mearns


  • Recruiting is poor and companies make their way to Newcastle by dribs and drabs
  • February to October: Siege of Newcastle
  • February: Lt James Forbes, still in Scotland, sets out on a raid from Aberdeen with 40 musketeers but is disarmed by Nathaniel Gordon and local lairds with 80 horsemen
  • October: At least 7 companies arrive by the Storm of Newcastle
  • Over-winter at Morpeth


  • July to September: Siege of Hereford
  • October: Quarter in Durham
  • November to May 1646: Siege of Newark


  • May: Surrender of Newark
  • Quartered in County Durham


  • February: Disbanded


A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Coats, Flags & Equipment

The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Earl Marischal

William Keith, 7th Earl Marischal

Sir James Wood

Led the regiment in England as the Earl Marischal remained in Scotland.


  • May 1639: 900 to 1000 men
  • June 1639: 1200 men
  • May 1640: 600 men quartered in Aberdeen
  • August 1640: 2000 men
  • October 1640: 800 men, having suffered severe desertion on their march south
  • 19th January 1644, three companies app.
  • December 1645: 505 officers & men
  • January 1646: 450 plus 36 sick

See Also