Campbell Highlanders

Active 1644 to 1648
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Second Civil War
TypeFoot
Captain
Area RaisedArgyll
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesBalfour 1644
Urry 1645
Leslie 1647

Covenanter Highlanders of Clan Campbell

Service History

1644

  • August: Mustered to defend Argyll
  • December: Attacked by Montrose and MacColla, the clan loses 900 fighting men

1645

  • January: Men raised for the Marquis of Argyll’s Highland Levies
  • February: Battle of Inverlochy, Argyll’s army heavily defeated, the Campbells as a whole losing 1500 men, 15 barons killed and 22 gentry captured
  • Autumn: Archibald Campbell, provost of Kilmun besieged at Kilmun tower in Cowal
  • Winter: MacColla and his Highland allies ravage the lands of the Campbells

1646

  • Spring: Besieged at Kilberry Castle by MacColla
  • Spring: Archibald Campbell, Tutor of Cragnish besieged at Craignish Castle by MacColla
  • Spring: Besieged at Duntroon Castle by MacColla?
  • Spring: Battle of Lagganmore, Donald Campbell of Lochnell and John Campbell of Bragleen defeated by MacColla and allies
  • April or May to July: Macolm MacNaughten of Dundarave besieged at Skipness Castle

1647

  • May: Lt Col Dougal Campbell of Inverawe ordered to lead 300 men from Kintyre to Islay in pursuit of MacColla, delayed by lack of boats
  • June: Cross from Kintyre to Gigha, where they are joined by Leslie's main force
  • June: Cross from Gigha to Islay

1648

  • August: Argyll raises 300 Campbells to join the Whiggamore rising
  • September: March on Stirling from Dumbarton via Gargunnock
  • September: Battle of Stirling

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

This entry does not reflect a particular regiment but rather the disparate forces raised by Clan Campbell during the period in addition to their numerous ‘marching regiments’.

In 1647 Lt Col Dougal Campbell's force might have been comprised of clansmen or the advance guard of Leslie's army.

In 1648 Argyll led 300 foot, probably the Marquis of Argyll’s Highland Regiment of Foot, 300 Campbell Highlanders and 100 horse to Stirling in September, but fled with the horse when the Engagers under Lanark and Monro arrived. The foot were defeated in a minor battle at Stirling. Forty men raised by Campbell of Glenorchy and led by William Campbell of Glenfalloch were reported killed

Flags & Equipment

Notable Officers

Strength

  • May 1647: 220 foot and 80 horse under Dougal Campbell

See Also