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covenanter:foot-regiments:alexander-leslie-s-lifeguard-of-foot [11/06/2014 20:40]
tim
covenanter:foot-regiments:alexander-leslie-s-lifeguard-of-foot [21/09/2015 22:20] (current)
tim
Line 4: Line 4:
  
 |**Active**|1639 | |**Active**|1639 |
 +| |1640 to 1641|
 |**Country**|Scotland| |**Country**|Scotland|
 |**Allegiance**|Covenanter| |**Allegiance**|Covenanter|
 |**Conflicts**|First Bishops’ War| |**Conflicts**|First Bishops’ War|
 +| |Second Bishops'​ War|
 |**Type**|Foot|  |**Type**|Foot|
 |**Colonel**|Alexander Leslie|  |**Colonel**|Alexander Leslie|
Line 13: Line 15:
 |**Area Raised**|Edinburgh|  |**Area Raised**|Edinburgh|
 |**Coat Colour**| | |**Coat Colour**| |
-|**Flag Colour**| ​ |  +|**Flag Colour**| |  
-|**Flag Design**| ​ | +|**Flag Design**|See below|
 |**Field Armies**|Leslie 1639| |**Field Armies**|Leslie 1639|
 +| |Leslie 1640|
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
Line 25: Line 28:
   *March: Raised by the College of Justice in Edinburgh   *March: Raised by the College of Justice in Edinburgh
   *May: Accompany Leslie to Aberdeen?   *May: Accompany Leslie to Aberdeen?
 +  *June: Holding of Kelso?
   *June: Standoff at Duns Law   *June: Standoff at Duns Law
   *June: Disbanded following the Treaty of Birks   *June: Disbanded following the Treaty of Birks
 +
 +====1640====
 +  *June: Raised from volunteers by the College of Justice in Edinburgh
 +  *Part of Leslie'​s army at Duns
 +  *August to August 1641: Occupy Newcastle
 +
 +====1641====
 +  *August: Return to Scotland and disbanded after the Treaty of London
  
 =====Notes===== =====Notes=====
 A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s //A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651// Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0 A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s //A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651// Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0
 +
 +In October 1640 at Newcastle the Ministers accused the regiment of visiting bawdy houses where they //spoyled their bodies//.
  
 =====Coats, Flags & Equipment===== =====Coats, Flags & Equipment=====
 Armed with 270 muskets and 160 pikes in 1639. Armed with 270 muskets and 160 pikes in 1639.
 +
 +An English cavalryman, John Aston, described Leslie'​s ensign at Duns Law in 1639, this probably represents the Colonel'​s colour of the regiment, which usually had a white field((//​Six North Country Diaries// by John Crawford Hodgson. The Publications of the Surtees Society Vol. CXVII, Durham, 1910. available online via [[https://​archive.org/​details/​sixnorthcountryd00hodgrich|Archive.org]])). Other companies of the regiment likely carried the white saltire on blue with the motto //Covenant for Religion, Crowne and Country//: ​
 +
 +"The Generall Lessley'​s ensigne had for his device a bible, crossed through with two scepters, and a crowne set upon it, with this word, //Tuemur legibus et armis jure divino et civili//"​. ​
 +
 +Aston also described the arms of the Scots foot in general: ​
 +
 +"for of their 12,000 souldiours theire was not one that had any defensive armes, not soe much as a head peice, and as for their offensive weapons, their musquetts were many of them burding peeces, and their pykes but halfe ones, and very many young boyes amongst
 +them to mannage them." and "the generall caused every musquetier, instead of a rest, to carry a short staffe shod with iron at both ends to stick sloaping into the ground for pallisadoes against our horse"​.
  
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
Line 44: Line 67:
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
   *March 1639: 270 musketeers and 160 pikemen   *March 1639: 270 musketeers and 160 pikemen
 +  *August 1641: 3 officers, 10 NCOs, 5 others, 194 privates
 +
 =====See Also====== =====See Also======
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====