Sir Phelim O’Neill’s Regiment of Foot

Active1641 to 1650
CountryIreland
AllegianceConfederate
ConflictsIrish Confederate War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir Phelim O’Neill
Turlough O'Neill
Alexander Hovenden
Area Raised
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesPhelim O'Neill 1641-2
Owen Roe O’Neill 1643
Owen Roe O’Neill 1646

Irish Catholic Confederation regiment of foot raised by Sir Phelim O’Neill, instigator of the Irish rising

Service History

1641

  • October: O'Neill with 30 companions takes Mountjoy Fort, Salterstown and Charlemont
  • October: Taking of Armagh
  • November: Repulsed from Lisburn 3 times
  • December: Take Strabane Castle?
  • December: Skirmish at Green Hills?

1642

  • January to May: Siege of Drogheda
  • May: Raise siege of Drogheda and retire to Armagh
  • May: Evacuate Armagh
  • June: Battle of Glenmaquin
  • June: Loss of Strabane Castle (det)?
  • Sir Phelim confirmed as Colonel by Owen Roe O'Neill

1643

  • Garrison Charlemont (det of 120)
  • June: Battle of Clones
  • September: Battle of Portlester

1644

  • Serving under Castlehaven
  • August to September: Standoff at Charlemont

1645

  • Garrison of Charlemont

1646

  • June: Battle of Benburb

1647

1648

1649

  • September: Skirmish at Dromore?

1650

  • August: Surrender of Charlemont Fort?

Notes

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

Sir Phelim O’Neill

Turlough O'Neill

Brother of Sir Phelim, alternated as Colonel of the regiment with Hovenden in early years

Alexander Hovenden

Half-brother of Sir Phelim, alternated as Colonel of the regiment with Turlough in early years

Officer List

1646

  • Col. Sir Phelim O'Neill
  • Lt Col. Thomas Sanford
  • Capt. Theobald Magauley
  • Capt. Robert Acheson1)

Strength

  • October 1641: 30 men at the taking of Mountjoy Fort

See Also

1) The Battle of Benburb 1646. Clive Hollick, Mercier Press, 2011. ISBN 978 1 85635 670 1.