Lt General Owen Roe O’Neill’s Regiment of Foot

Active1642 to
CountryIreland
AllegianceConfederate
ConflictsIrish Confederate War
TypeFoot
ColonelOwen Roe O’Neill
Area RaisedUlster
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesOwen Roe O’Neill 1643
Castlehaven 1644
Owen Roe O’Neill 1646

Irish Confederate foot of the Ulster army victorious at Benburb in 1646

Service History

1642

  • July: O'Neill returns to Ireland from Dunkirk, landing at Castledoe, County Donegal
  • Raised in Ulster, likely including many Irish veterans returning from foreign service
  • August: O'Neill takes command of the Ulster Army

1643

  • May: Battle of Loughgall or Annasamery
  • June: Battle of Clones
  • August: Battle of Portlester

1644

  • Serving under Castlehaven
  • August to September: Standoff at Charlemont

1645

1646

  • June: Skirmish at Ballaghkillgevill?
  • June: Battle of Benburb
  • June: Raid from Tanderagee into County Down

Notes

The O'Neill battlecry was Lamh-derg aboo meaning 'the Red hand to victory'.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

The foot of O'Neil's army in 1646 were equipped with one musket for every pike1).

After Benburb O'Neill is said to have had the arms of the papacy emblazoned on his colours, though there appears to be no contemporary evidence for this.

Notable Officers

Owen Roe O’Neill

Officer List

  • Col. Owen Roe O'Neill
  • Lt Col. Phelim MacToole O'Neill
  • Maj. Mac MacHugh Boy O'Neill2)

Strength

  • Said to have been 15 companies in 1646

See Also

1) , 2) The Battle of Benburb 1646. Clive Hollick, Mercier Press, 2011. ISBN 978 1 85635 670 1.