Sir Arthur Hesilrigge’s Regiment of Horse

Active1650 to 1660
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsThird Civil War
Penruddock’s Rising
TypeHorse
ColonelSir Arthur Hesilrigge
James Berry
Unton Croke
Daniell O’Neill
Area RaisedNorth
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesMonck 1651-3

Later Colonel James Berry’s, Unton Croke’s and Daniel O’Neill’s Regiment of Horse

Commonwealth regiment of horse serving in Scotland, later defeating Penruddock’s Rising in the West Country

Service History

1650

  • August: Raised in northern England
  • September: Garrison of Linlithgow

1651

  • January: Defence of Linlithgow
  • February: Skirmishes towards Stirling
  • April: Raid on Dumbarton, capturing the Earl of Eglinton
  • April: Skirmish at Linlithgow
  • June: James Berry replaces Hesilrigge as Colonel
  • July: Battle of Inverkeithing??
  • July: Skirmish at Torwood?
  • August to September: Siege of Dundee

1652

  • Serving in Scotland

1653

  • October: Return to England

1654

  • In England

1655

  • Quartered in Nottinghamshire (1 troop), Bristol (2 troops), Marlborough (2 troops) Exeter (1 troop)
  • March: Berry suppresses rising in Nottinghamshire (Berry’s troop)
  • March: Skirmish at South Molton (Unton Croke’s troop)

1656

  • In England
  • Move to Scotland

1657

  • Serving in Scotland

1658

  • Spring: Return to England, quartered in Oxfordshire

1659

  • October: Berry cashiered by Parliament

1660

  • January: Major Unton Croke promoted to Colonel
  • Suppress disturbances at Exeter
  • July: Croke replaced by Dan O’Neill, now styled “The Royal Regiment”
  • December: Disbanded at Bath

Notes

A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940.

The regiment was raised in the North by Hesilrigge, but his colonelcy appears nominal as it was quickly sent to Scotland led by Major Sanderson, who died in February 1651, then by Major John Sydenham who was mortally wounded in a skirmish at Linlithgow. They served initially as garrison of Linlithgow, then in the West of Scotland with Okey, and remained as part of Monck’s force.

In 1655 Captain Unton Croke was instrumental in ending Penruddock’s Rising, defeating Penruddock’s 250 to 400 Royalists at South Molton with a single troop. In 1660 Croke was promoted to Colonel but was soon replaced by Dan O’Neill before the regiment was disbanded at Bath in December.

Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

Sir Arthur Hesilrigge

Sir Arthur Heslirigge raised the regiment but never served with them on campaign.

James Berry

Unton Croke

Daniel O’Neill

Daniel O’Neill was an officer of Prince Rupert’s Regiment of Horse in the First Civil War.

Officer Lists

1656

Major-General James Berry's Regiment of Horse1)

  • Colonel's troop at St Andrews
  • Major William Butler's troop at Burntisland & Kirkcaldy
  • Captain Unton Crook's troop at Elgin
  • John Robinson's troop at Drummond
  • Robert Hutton's troop at Inverness
  • John Hawkridge's troop at St Johnstons

Strength

  • Six troops

See Also

1) Worcester College Oxford, Clarke Manuscripts