Colonel John Reynolds’ Regiment of Horse

Active1648 to 1660
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsSecond Civil war
Irish Confederate War
TypeHorse
ColonelJohn Reynolds
Daniel Redman
William Allen
Area RaisedKent
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesJones 1649
Cromwell 1649-50

Later Colonel Daniel Redman’s and Colonel William Allen’s regiment of Horse

Regiment of Horse raised during the Second Civil War and serving in Ireland

Service History

1648

  • May: Reynolds raises a regiment of unauthorised volunteer horse, partly from Kent
  • October: Reynolds commissioned to raise 500 horse for service in Ireland

1649

  • February: Ordered to Ireland
  • March: Levellers from the regiment suppressed
  • May: Three troops join the Leveller mutiny, three remain loyal to Reynolds
  • May: Skirmish at Banbury between Reynolds and the Levellers
  • May: Take Burford, defeating the Levellers
  • May: Kill Thompson, the Leveller ringleader, near Wellingborough
  • July Shipped to Ireland from Chester
  • July: Land at Dublin
  • 2nd August: Battle of Rathmines (Baggotrath castle)
  • September: Siege of Drogheda
  • September: Take Ferns Castle
  • November: Take Carrick on Suir
  • November: Defence of Carrick on Suir
  • November to December: Siege of Waterford?

1650

  • March: Siege of Kilkenny

1651

  • Reynolds appointed governor of Athlone

1652

  • Reynolds accepts surrender of Roscommon

1653

  • January: Isles of Arran surrendered to Reynolds
  • February: Innisboffin Island surrendered to Reynolds

1654

  • Serving in Ireland

1655

  • January: Detachment sent back to England under Reynolds

1656

  • Serving in Ireland

1657

  • Reynolds given command of troops for Flanders, the regiment passes to Daniel Redman

1658

  • Serving in Ireland

1659

  • Redman discharged and replaced by William Allen, who remains in England
  • August: A detachment comes over to England with the ‘Irish Brigade’
  • October: Irish brigade at Chester
  • December: The Irish brigade joins Lord Fairfax at York
  • December: Colonel Redman appointed by Parliament to command the horse of the Irish brigade

1660

  • Redman and the Irish brigade return to Ireland

Notes

A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940

In May 1648 Reynolds appears to have raised a regiment of volunteer horse without any authorisation. Part at least came from Kent. In the October he was commissioned to command of the regiment which was to be sent to Ireland. In May of 1649 half the regiment joined the Leveller mutiny, while Reynolds led the remaining half to defeat the mutiny, joining with Fairfax and Cromwell to take Burford. The regiment were soon on their way to Ireland where they joined Michael Jones’ forces and played a part in his victory at Rathmines.

The regiment then served on Cromwell’s Irish campaign, notably taking Carrick on Suir and repelling an Irish attack on the town. In 1652 Reynolds took surrender of the outlying islands off Galway and in 1655 led a detachment back to England in anticipation of Royalist risings. Reynolds was then to be given command of the Commonwealth troops for Flanders so his regiment passed to Redman. They remained in Ireland and in 1659 Redman was dismissed and replaced by Allen, who was absent in England.

In August of 1659 a detachment was included in the ‘Irish brigade’ formed of detachments from regiments in Ireland. They initially supported Lambert but eventually declared for Parliament, joining Fairfax at York, where their old Colonel, Redman, was put in charge of the horse. Redman led the brigade back to Ireland and continued to command a troop in the army in Ireland for many years after the Restoration.

Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

John Reynolds

Daniel Redman

William Allen

Appointed colonel in 1659, he appears not to have served with the regiment.

Miles Sindercombe

Miles Sindercombe, later notorious for his unsuccessful attempt to assassinate Oliver Cromwell.

Strength

See Also