Colonel John Lambert’s Regiment of Horse

Flag Illustration1)
Active1647 to 1660
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsSecond Civil War
Third Civil War
Glencairn’s Rising
Booth’s Rising
Restoration
TypeHorse
ColonelJohn Lambert
Lord Fauconberg
Hugh Bethell
Area RaisedYorkshire
Flag Colourblue & red
Flag Designsee below
Field ArmiesLambert 1648
Cromwell 1648
Lambert 1648-9
Cromwell 1650
Lambert 1650-1
Cromwell 1651
Morgan 1654
Lambert 1659
Monck 1660

Later Lord Fauconberg’s, then Colonel Hugh Bethell’s Regiment of Horse

Northern Association horse continuing to serve throughout the Commonwealth and Protectorate, notably at Preston, Dunbar and Worcester

Service History

1647

  • July: Taken over by Lambert

1648

  • May: Under Lambert’s command in the North
  • July: Skirmish at Penrith?
  • July: Skirmish at Appleby?
  • July: Skirmish at Stainmore?
  • August: Battle of Preston
  • August: Battle of Winwick Pass
  • October: Quartered near Edinburgh
  • November to March 1649: Siege of Pontefract

1649

  • March: Taking of Pontefract
  • April: Selected by lot for service in Ireland but instead remain in northern England to guard against the Scots
  • Quartered in Derbyshire and Lincolnshire
  • July: Rokeby’s regiment probably reduced into Lambert’s

1650

  • July: Invade Scotland under Cromwell
  • July: Skirmish at Musselburgh
  • September: Battle of Dunbar
  • December: Battle of Hamilton

1651

  • July: Battle of Inverkeithing
  • August: Battle of Warrington Bridge
  • August: Skirmish at Upton Bridge?
  • September: Battle of Worcester

1652

1653

1654

  • February: Sent to Scotland
  • Garrison Burntisland, St Johnston and Blair Atholl
  • May: Skirmish at St Johnston (Baynes’ troop)
  • July: Skirmish at Dalnaspidal (Pockley’s troop)?
  • December: Return to England

1655

  • Quartered in Yorkshire and the North Midlands
  • March: Arrest Royalists planning risings in Cheshire and Newark

1656

1657

  • July: Lambert dismissed

1658

  • January: Lord Fauconberg appointed Colonel

1659

  • April: Lambert re-instated as Colonel
  • August: Battle of Winnington Bridge
  • August: Taking of Chester
  • August: Taking of Liverpool
  • October: In London
  • November: March North with Lambert to Newcastle

1660

  • January: At York, re-organised by Monck
  • January: Monck appoints Bethell Colonel
  • November: Disbanded in Yorkshire

Notes

A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940.

Lambert had raised and led his own regiment of horse in Fairfax’s northern army during the First Civil War, Colonel John Lambert’s Regiment of Horse. After the Self-Denying Ordinance he replaced Lord Fairfax as commander of the Northern Association and was himself replaced by Sydenham Poyntz after being wounded at Pontefract. In 1647 Poyntz was removed from office and Lambert was made Major General of the Northern Association once again. At this time he took over one of the Northern regiments of horse, but so far I have not been able to identify which one. Probably it was Lambert’s old regiment or Sir Thomas Fairfax’s, likely commanded in the interim by Poyntz.

During the Second Civil War Lambert led a detached force in the North, fighting a number of delaying actions against the Scots before uniting with Cromwell before Preston. He was then sent with three regiments into Scotland, quartering near Edinburgh, before returning to Yorkshire to command at the siege of Pontefract.

In 1650 Lambert and his regiment served in Cromwell’s invasion of Scotland, notably being heavily engaged at Musselburgh and one of four regiments leading the onset at Dunbar. Lambert then led a detached force again, winning victories over the Scots at Hamilton and Inverkeithing, but, outnumbered, failing to stop their advance South at Warrington. Prior to the Battle of Worcester he captured Upton Bridge, a key factor in the victory.

The regiment had a quieter time in the 1650s, they served in Scotland once again in 1654, suppressing Glencairn’s rising. In 1659 Lambert led them to victory over Booth’s rising in Cheshire. In 1660 they joined Monck with little fuss, and were disbanded in their native Yorkshire in the November.

Flags and Equipment

According to Blount: Col. Lamberts devise of Yorkshire, may seem to speak no ill to Monarchy, where was figured a regall Crown set on the top of a Pillar, and a hand out of a cloud holding it on, with this motto, UT SERVAT INCOLUMEN2). Illustration 1 shows another design for Lambert's cornet, blue and red with the motto PRO REGE ET VERITATE “For King and truth”. Whether these deigns were carried by Lambert's New Model regiment or his First Civil War regiment is currently uncertain.

Notable Officers

John Lambert

Lord Fauconberg

Hugh Bethell

James Nayler

James Nayler a charismatic preacher, he was quartermaster to the regiment.

Strength

  • Six troops

See Also

1) Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine
2) The Art of making Devises 2nd Ed, Thomas Blount, London, 1655