Colonel Henry Cromwell’s Regiment of Horse

Active1649 to 1660?
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsIrish Confederate War
TypeHorse
ColonelHenry Cromwell
Peter Wallis
Area Raised
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesBroghill 1650
Ireton 1651

Later Colonel Peter Wallis’ Regiment of Horse

Commonwealth Regiment of horse raised in England and serving in Ireland

Service History

1649

  • November: Henry Cromwell commissioned to raise a regiment of horse

1650

  • March: Shipped from Milford Haven to Ireland
  • Serve with Lord Broghill’s forces in Munster
  • March: Skirmish at Mallow
  • May: Skirmish at Macroom?
  • May: Taking of Carrigadrohid?

1651

  • June to October: Siege of Limerick

1652

  • Wallis commands while Henry Cromwell is absent in England

1653

  • Serving in Ireland

1654

  • Serving in Ireland

1655

  • Serving in Ireland

1656

  • Serving in Ireland

1657

  • Serving in Ireland

1658

  • Serving in Ireland

1659

  • July: Wallis proposed to replace Henry Cromwell as Colonel
  • December: Captain Temple takes Carlow
  • December: Captain Temple besieges Duncannon Fort

Notes

A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940

Henry Cromwell was commissioned to raise his regiment of horse in November 1649. It was based on his own troop from Colonel Thomas Harrison’s Regiment of Horse, two from Colonel John Okey’s Regiment of Dragoons and brought up to strength with new recruits.

The regiment initially served under Lord Broghill’s command in Munster. They remained in Ireland throughout the 1650s. In the tumult of December 1659 Captain Temple captured Carlow and besieged Ludlow in Duncannon Fort.

Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

Henry Cromwell

Henry Cromwell was the fourth son of Oliver Cromwell. Prior to raising his regiment he had served in Harrison’s.

Peter Wallis

Commanded the regiment while Cromwell was absent in England. Ludlow described him one of the old staunch commonwealth men.

Strength

  • Six troops

See Also