Colonel Robert Overton’s Regiment of Foot

Active1651 to 166?
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsGlencairn’s Rising
Portuguese Restoration War
TypeFoot
ColonelRobert Overton
Thomas Morgan
William Mitchell
Robert Overton
William Daniel
Area RaisedYorkshire
Coat ColourRed
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesMonck 1654
Morgan 1662

Later Maj Gen Thomas Morgan’s, Colonel William Mitchell’s and Colonel William Daniel’s Regiment of Foot

Regiment of foot raised for service in Scotland with Overton, also including a number of companies of the Hull garrison

Service History

1651

  • October: Parliament orders Overton’s regiment to be raised and to include 4 companies in Hull garrison
  • November: Five companies at Edinburgh, absorb 2 companies of Barkstead's Regiment of Foot

1652

  • June: Expedition to Inverary
  • December: In West Scotland

1653

  • June: At Edinburgh, Lt Col Cotterell dissolves the General Assembly of the Kirk
  • Garrison of Stirling
  • October: March to Inverary with Lilburne
  • November: Captains Scrope and Townsend captured at Falkirk

1654

  • June: Under Monck’s command suppressing Glencairn’s rising
  • September: Taking of Dumbarton

1655

  • January: Overton arrested and sent to the Tower
  • January: Maj Gen Thomas Morgan temporarily takes over the regiment
  • March: William Mitchell appointed Colonel
  • March: Colonel John Bright made nominal governor of Hull

1656

  • Quartered at Aberdeen (7 coy), Bog of Geith (1 coy), Inverlochy (1 coy), Ballock and Wemyss (1 coy)

1657

  • Serving in Scotland

1658

  • At Dundee
  • February: Colonel Henry Smith replaces Bright as governor of Hull

1659

  • June: Overton re-appointed Colonel and Governor of Hull by Parliament
  • July: Five companies in England
  • July: Mitchell ordered to raise a new regiment based on companies at Hull, unlikely to have materialised
  • October: Eight companies in Scotland, two in England
  • December: Three companies march with Monck, forming part of Thomas Morgan's and Mann’s regiments

1660

  • March: Overton hands Hull over to Fairfax
  • March: William Daniel made Colonel of Overton’s regiment
  • April: Return to Scotland
  • August: Quartered at Ayr (7 coy), Perth (2 coy)

1661

  • November: Still in garrison at Ayr

1662

  • May: Sail from Scotland, landing in Portugal in June

Notes

A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940.

Overton’s regiment of foot were raised in 1651, consisting of a regiment serving with Overton in Scotland and a number of companies, initially four, in garrison at Hull. The regiment served in Scotland throughout the 1650s. Overton was arrested by Monck in 1655 for disloyalty to Cromwell and was replaced temporarily by Maj Gen Thomas Morgan, then by William Mitchell. Overton was reinstated by Parliament in 1659 but again suspected by Monck and replaced in March 1660 by William Daniel. Similarly the governorship of Hull passed to Colonels John Bright and Henry Smith before reinstatement of Overton, who handed the city over to Fairfax in 1660.

The regiment were not disbanded in 1660, instead remaining in garrison in Scotland under Col. Daniel. In 1662 they were shipped to Portugal as part of the English brigade under Sir Thomas Morgan’s command sent to assist the Portuguese.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Red coats.

Notable Officers

Robert Overton

Thomas Morgan

William Mitchell

William Daniel

Previously raised a regiment, Colonel William Daniel’s Regiment of Foot, that was later given to Morgan.

Officer Lists

1656

Colonel William Mitchell's Regiment of Foot1)

  • Colonel's company at Aberdeen, commanded by Captain Lieutenant Edward Williamson
  • Lt Colonel Roger (?) Cotterell's at company Aberdeen
  • Major Michael Richardson's company at Aberdeen
  • Captain Robert Scrope's company at Aberdeen
  • Captain Edward Freere's company at Aberdeen
  • Captain Quick's company at Aberdeen
  • Captain Thomas (?) Waller's company at Aberdeen
  • Captain Thomas Hutton's company at the Bog of Geith “of which a corporall and 14 soldiers att” Old Aberdeen
  • Captain Thomas Southerne's company at Innerloughy
  • Captain James Dennis' company at Ballough & Weems, “with 9 or 10 of Captain George Robinson's dragoones”

Strength

  • January 1653: 114 officers, 995 men serving in Scotland

See Also

1) Worcester College Oxford, Clarke Manuscripts