Colonel Ralph Cobbett’s Regiment of Foot

Active1651 to 1660
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsThird Civil War
Glencairn’s Rising
Restoration
TypeFoot
ColonelRalph Cobbett
Leonard Lytcott
Area Raised
Coat ColourRed?
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesCromwell 1651

Later Colonel Leonard Lytcott’s Regiment of Foot

Commonwealth Regiment of Foot fighting at Worcester then serving in Scotland throughout the 1650s

Service History

1651

  • August: Formed from five companies of John Barkstead's Regiment of Foot
  • August: Due to be shipped to Scotland but instead put under Fleetwood’s command
  • September: Battle of Worcester
  • October: Half the regiment shipped to Dundee

1652

  • January: The entire regiment at Dundee, Cobbett appointed governor

1653

  • July: Cobbett leads an expedition to the Hebrides
  • August: Occupy Lewis
  • August: Occupy Mull
  • September: Take Duart Castle
  • September: Ships scattered by a storm, land at Dunstaffenage
  • Return to Dundee

1654

  • Unsuccessfully search the Braes of Angus for Lord Dudhope

1655

  • Garrison of Dundee

1656

  • September: Garrison of Dundee (7 companies), Inverlochy (1 company), Dunotter (1 company) and Braemar (1 company)

1657

  • Serving in Scotland

1658

  • Serving in Scotland

1659

  • October: Quartered in Glasgow
  • November: Marched to join Monck in Edinburgh
  • November: Monck replaces Cobbett with Lytcott

1660

  • March to London under Monck
  • October: Disbanded at Tower Hill

Notes

A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940.

Cobbett’s regiment was raised in 1651 for service in Scotland, but while embarking news was received of the Scots invasion under Charles II so they were added to Fleetwood’s command and fought at Worcester.

The regiment formed the garrison of Dundee, where Cobbett was governor, during the early 1650s. They took part in an expedition to the Orkneys and Hebrides, which was cut short by a storm that scattered the transport and supply ships. Remaining at Dundee and satellite garrisons into 1656, by 1659 they were in garrison at Glasgow.

During the Restoration crisis Monck imprisoned Cobbett and replaced him with Colonel Lytcott. The regiment marched on London with Monck, where they were disbanded in October 1660.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Presumably they were issued with red coats. In October 1651 the regiment were provided with funds for 10 new colours: These are to will and require you out of the £9,380 11 shillings 10½ pence by you received for the excise for the present emergencies of the Commonwealth to pay until Mr John Allen or to whom he shall appoint the sum of £25 9 shillings being in full satisfaction for ten colours for the regiment of Colonel Ralph Cobbett by his provided and delivered of which you are not to fail and for which this shall be your warrant. Given at the Council of State of Whitehall the 2nd of October 1651. Signed John Bradshaw to Treasurer at War. Paid 9 October 1651.

Notable Officers

Ralph Cobbett

Cobbett was previously Lieutenant Colonel of Richard Fortescue's Regiment of Foot. In 1659 he opposed Monck and was imprisoned at Edinburgh Castle.

Leonard Lytcott

Lytcott had served as an officer in a regiment of horse during the First Civil War. He was in command of a regiment of horse, fighting at Inverkeithing but disbanded in 1651.

Strength

  • 10 companies
  • January 1652: 1183 men

See Also