Colonel Matthew Alured’s Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration1)
Active1650 to 1660
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsThird Civil War
Glencairn’s Rising
Restoration
TypeFoot
ColonelGeorge Gill
Matthew Alured
Thomas Talbot
John Hubblethorne
Area RaisedYorkshire?
Coat ColourRed?
Flag ColourBlack
Flag Design
Field ArmiesCromwell 1650-51

Initially Colonel George Gill’s, Later Colonel Thomas Talbot’s then Colonel John Hubblethorne’s Regiment of Foot

Commonwealth Regiment of Foot serving in Scotland throughout the 1650s and supporting Monck at the Restoration

Service History

1650

  • July to August: Raised by Colonel George Gill
  • August: Gill accused of fraud, the regiment given to Alured
  • September: Ordered to join Heslirigge
  • October: At Leith?

1651

  • February: Siege of Tantallon Castle
  • March: Ordered to Ayr

1652

  • Garrison of Ayr
  • August: Garrison Braddock in Arran (det)
  • August: Loss of Loughead (det)
  • August: Loss of Tarbut (det)

1653

  • Garrison of Ayr
  • Garrison of Duart Castle (det)
  • October: Garrison Kirkwall until 1656 (2 coy)

1654

  • May: Alured relieved of command
  • One company serve with Monck in the Highlands

1655

  • June: Thomas Talbot promoted colonel

1656

  • Serving in Scotland in garrison at Edinburgh and Inverlochy

1657

  • Serving in Scotland

1658

  • Serving in Scotland

1659

  • October: Quartered in Edinburgh
  • December: Monck promotes Major Hubblethorne to Colonel

1660

  • March to London under Monck
  • November: Disbanded at Tower Hill

Notes

A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940.

The regiment was proposed to be raised in 1650 by Colonel George Gill, likely in his native Yorkshire, for service in Ireland. Gill was under suspicion of defrauding the state, so before the recruiting was completed, the regiment was given to Colonel Matthew Alured. He had previously served as commander of Col. Matthew Alured's Regiment of Horse under Lord Fairfax in the First Civil War.

Alured’s regiment were sent to Scotland instead of Ireland and served at the siege of Tantallon Castle under Monck. They were based at Ayr in the early 1650s and detachments served in a number of small garrisons in the Highlands and Islands. In August 1652 two small detachments, at Loughead and Tarbut, were over-run by the Highlanders. One company served with Monck in 1654.

During the Restoration crisis Monck was confident of the regiment’s loyalty, and promoted Hubblethorne to replace Talbot who had joined Lambert in England. The regiment marched on London with Monck, where they were disbanded in November 1660.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Presumably they were issued with red coats. The regiment were referred to as the brave black colours by Chaplain Gumble in 1659, though how long they had carried black colours is unknown.

Notable Officers

Matthew Alured

Thomas Talbot

John Hubblethorne

Officer List

1656

Colonel Thomas Talbot's Regiment of Foot2)

  • Colonel's company at Edinburgh
  • Lt Colonel Henry Pownall's company at Edinburgh
  • Major John Hubblethorne's company at Edinburgh
  • Captain Edmund Lister's company at Edinburgh
  • Captain Joseph Poole's company at Edinburgh
  • Captain John Clarke's company at Edinburgh
  • Captain Thompson's company at Edinburgh
  • Captain John Hargrave's company at Edinburgh
  • Captain James Emerson's company at Innerloughy

Strength

See Also

1) Flag images by kind permission of Wargames Designs
2) Worcester College Oxford, Clarke Manuscripts