Colonel John Humphrey’s Regiment of Foot

Active1655 to 1660?
CountryEngland
Barbados
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsAnglo-Spanish War
TypeFoot
ColonelJohn Humphrey
William Fleetwood
Edward Tyson
Area RaisedEngland
Barbados
Coat ColourRed
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGarrison

Later Captain William Fleetwood’s, then Lt Colonel Edward Tyson’s Regiment of Foot

Protectorate regiment of foot serving in the garrison of Jamaica

Service History

1655

  • Raised in England
  • August: Arrive at Barbados where the regiment is recruited up to strength
  • October Arrive at Jamaica

1656

  • Garrison Jamaica
  • October: Humphrey returns to England
  • November: Lt Col William Fleetwood placed in command temporarily
  • Soon replaced by Lt Col Edward Tyson as Fleetwood returns to England

1657

  • Garrison of Jamaica

1658

  • Garrison of Jamaica

1659

  • Garrison of Jamaica

1660

  • Garrison of Jamaica
  • Tyson organises an unsuccessful mutiny and is condemned by court-martial to be shot

Notes

A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940

Humphrey’s regiment were raised from old soldiers for service in the West Indies, but departed after Venables’ main force, arriving in Jamaica in August 1655. They remained in Jamaica throughout the rest of the 1650s, suffering much from sickness. In 1656 Humphrey, sick, returned to England, being temporarily replaced by Fleetwood then soon after by Lt Col Tyson. Tyson was caught up in a mutiny that failed and he was executed by firing squad in 1660. The end of the regiment is obscure.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Presumably red coats.

Notable Officers

John Humphrey

Humphrey had previously commanded a troop of Colonel John Okey’s Regiment of Dragoons in Scotland, reduced after Glencairn's rising. After his time in Jamaica he served in Flanders.

William Fleetwood

William Fleetwood, a captain in the regiment, temporarily commanded in 1656 before returning to England.

Edward Tyson

Edward Tyson was lieutenant to Humphrey in Okey's dragoons. Ill-advisedly caught up in a mutiny in 1660, the mutineers deserted their leaders and Tyson was captured and shot.

Strength

  • 1655: 700 old soldiers embark for Barbados
  • October 1655: 831 men arrive at Jamaica
  • November 1655: 355 men fit for service, 455 sick
  • June 1656: 312 men
  • September 1656: 276 men

See Also