Colonel James Heane’s Regiment of Foot

Active1648 to 1662
CountryEngland
Barbados
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsSecond Civil War
Third civil War
Anglo-Spanish War
TypeFoot
ColonelJames Heane
Richard Holdep
Sam Barry
Area RaisedDorset
Barbados
Coat ColourRed
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesHeane 1651
Venables 1654-5

Later Colonel Richard Holdep’s, then Colonel Sam Barry’s Regiment of Foot

Parliamentarian regiment of foot serving in Jersey and on the Western Design in the West Indies

Service History

1648

  • Garrison of Weymouth

1649

  • Garrison of Weymouth

1650

  • May: Authorised to make up the regiment to ten companies from four

1651

  • October: Regiment planned to be reduced to four companies in garrison at Weymouth
  • October: Invasion of Jersey
  • October to December: Siege of Elizabeth Castle
  • October: Taking of Mount Orgueil Castle
  • December: Taking of Castle Cornet in Guernsey?

1652

1653

1654

  • Newly raised?
  • December: Sail from Portsmouth for Barbados

1655

  • January: Arrive at Barbados where the regiment is recruited up to strength
  • April: Sail for Hispaniola
  • April: Second repulse from Santo Domingo, Heane killed in battle
  • Holdep made Colonel
  • May: Sail for Jamaica
  • May: Taking of Santiago de la Vega

1656

  • Garrison Jamaica
  • Reduced from 10 to 8 companies
  • June: Barry succeeds Holdep as Colonel

1657

  • October: Reinforced by reduction of other Jamaica regiments

1658

  • May: Storm of Rio Nuevo

1659

  • June: Barry returns to England

1660

1661

  • Barry back in Jamaica

1662

  • Regiment disbanded at Liguanea

Notes

A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940

Heane commanded four companies in the garrison of Weymouth in 1648 and during the emergency of 1650 was authorised to increase his force to a regiment of 10 companies. In October 1651 Heane’s regiment were to be reduced back to four companies, but instead they sailed on Heane’s successful invasion of the Channel Islands, remaining there to reduce Royalist castles until the end of the year. Currently it’s uncertain if they were disbanded in 1652-3 or continued to form the West Indies regiment.

Heane’s regiment for the West Indies were raised in England in 1654, perhaps based on his earlier unit. The five regiments under Venables’ command totalled 2000-2500 men, of whom only 1000 were experienced soldiers. Shipped to Barbados in 1655 they recruited up to strength before invading the Spanish possession of Hispaniola, which ended in defeat at Santo Domingo (Heane’s weren’t engaged in the first clash), where Heane was killed in action and replaced by Holdep. The force then sailed instead for Jamaica. Venables’ force successfully invaded Jamaica at Santiago de la Vega (later Spanish Town) against light opposition and the regiment remained in the Jamaica garrison. As with the other Jamaica regiments, the unit was depleted due to disease. Holdep was replaced by Colonel Barry in 1656, who, alongside Doyley led them to defeat the Spanish at Rio Nuevo in 1658. The regiment remained in garrison at Jamaica until disbanded in 1662.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Presumably red coats.

Notable Officers

James Heane

Richard Holdep

Sam Barry

Strength

  • 1650: Increased from 4 companies to 10
  • November 1655: 350 men fit for service, 224 sick, 30 women and children attached
  • April 1656: 428 men
  • June 1656: 417 men
  • November 1656: 373 men

See Also