Colonel Henry Lillingston’s Regiment of Foot

Active1657 to 1662
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsAnglo-Spanish War
Tangier
TypeFoot
ColonelHenry Lillingston
Sir Robert Harley
Area Raised
Coat ColourRed
Flag ColourBlue?
Flag Design
Field ArmiesTurenne 1657-8
Morgan 1658-9
Earl of Peterborough 1662

Later Sir Robert Harley’s Regiment of Foot

Protectorate regiment of foot serving in Flanders, including at the Battle of the Dunes, before going into garrison at Dunkirk, then serving at Tangier

Service History

1657

  • April to May: First six companies raised in England

1658

  • May to June: Siege of Dunkirk
  • June: Battle of the Dunes
  • Serving under Morgan
  • June: Siege of Bergues
  • September: Capture of Ypres
  • Based at Amiens

1659

  • January: Shipped to Dunkirk
  • Garrison of Dunkirk

1660

  • Garrison of Dunkirk

1661

  • Garrison of Dunkirk
  • March: Lillingston replaced by Harley

1662

  • January: Shipped to Tangier under the Earl of Peterborough
  • February: Arrive at Tangier
  • Incorporated into the ‘Old Tangier Regiment’

Notes

A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940

Lillingston’s regiment were raised in England in 1657 for service in Flanders. Shipped to Flanders, in 1658 they were drawn out to join Turenne’s army and served at the siege of Dunkirk and in the victory at the Battle of the Dunes. Subsequently the regiment were part of Morgan’s command at the sieges of Bergues and Ypres, spending the winter at Amiens. In January 1659 they returned to garrison Dunkirk, remaining there throughout the Restoration. During their return the regiment lost its Major and 200 soldiers at sea. In 1661 Lillingston was replaced as Colonel by Sir Robert Harley, then in 1662 the regiment was shipped to Tangier. At Tangier it lost 388 men between the February and October and was eventually reduced into the Old Tangier Regiment. The Old Tangier Regiment became the Second, or Queen’s Regiment of Foot, the senior English Regiment of the line in the British army, where it has now been amalgamated into the Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Red coats. Morgan makes reference to a blue regiment being attacked by horse at the Battle of the Dunes, which is likely, but not definitely Lillingston's1).

Notable Officers

Henry Lillingston

Major to Syler’s regiment of foot during the 1650s in Scotland, he served in both the Dutch and British armies after the Restoration.

Sir Robert Harley

Strength

  • February 1662: 947 men
  • October 1662: 559 men

See Also

1) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846