Lord Deputy Henry Ireton’s Regiment of Foot

Active1649 to 1660
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsIrish Confederate War
TypeFoot
ColonelHenry Ireton
Charles Fleetwood
Daniel Axtell
Area RaisedEngland
Coat ColourRed?
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesIreton 1650-1?

Later Lord Deputy Charles Fleetwood’s, then Colonel Daniel Axtell’s Regiment of Foot

Regiment of Foot serving in Ireland

Service History

1649

  • Summer: Raised in England
  • Likely shipped to Ireland
  • December: Serving in Ireland

1650

1651

  • Ireton dies at Limerick, the regiment passes to Fleetwood

1652

1653

1654

1655

1656

1657

1658

1659

  • May: Fleetwood replaced as Colonel by Axtell
  • August: A detachment comes over to England with the ‘Irish Brigade’
  • October: Irish brigade at Chester
  • December: The Irish brigade joins Lord Fairfax at York

Notes

A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940.

The regiment were formed in 1649 in England and were likely soon sent to Ireland. They probably served as part of Ireton’s command during 1650 and 1651. In 1659 a detachment was sent to England under Axtell as part of the ‘Irish Brigade’.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

In June 1649 Ireton's regiment were given £20 to buy new flags, colours and design unknown.

Notable Officers

Lord Deputy Henry Ireton

Henry Ireton (1611-1651)

Lord Deputy Charles Fleetwood

Charles Fleetwood (c 1618-1692) was at the Inns of Court at the outbreak of the First Civil War and joined The Earl of Essex’s Lifeguard troop. By 1643 he was a captain of horse, was wounded at First Newbury and in 1644 was made colonel of horse in the Earl of Manchester’s army of the Eastern Association. In 1649 he was governor of the Isle of Wight, then in 1650 was appointed Lieutenant General of the Horse for Cromwell's Scottish campaign. Fleetwood married Bridget, Cromwell's daughter, in 1652 and was commander-in-chief in Ireland, appointed Lord-Deputy in 1654 but recalled in 1655. He was Major General of Hertfordshire, Oxfordshire, Buckinghamshire and East Anglia. After Oliver Cromwell's death in 1658, he supported Richard Cromwell for a while but soon challenged his authority, thus dissolving the Protectorate. He was appointed Commander-in-Chief in June 1659, but was replaced by a commission of seven members more acceptabe to Parliament. Fleetwood supported Lambert and was again appointed Commander-in-Chief, effectively leading the ruling junta but opposed on all sides he acquiesced to the recall of Parliament on the 6th of December 1659. After the Restoration he was barred from public office and retired peacefully to Stoke Newington.

Daniel Axtell

Daniel Axtell had previously served as Lieutenant Colonel of Hewson's Regiment of Foot during Cromwell’s Irish campaign. He had a grim reputation for atrocities in Ireland, being accused by some of initiating the massacre at Drogheda, and was suspended from command by Ireton for killing prisoners who had surrendered on promise of quarter at Meelick Island.

Strength

See Also